within the Context of LDS Church and United States History:
All references from Wilford Woodruff’s Journal, 1833-1898, Typescript, ed. Scott G. Kenney, 9 vols. (Midvale, Utah: Signature Books, 1983-1984) are shown as WWJ followed by volume number and page. Timeline copyrighted © 2011 Jennifer Ann Mackley.
June 7, 1807
Wilford is baptized in the Northington Connecticut (Congregational) Church by Reverend Rufus Hawley.
Wilford’s mother, Beulah Thompson, dies at age 26 of spotted fever. WWJ 1:160, 215
Thomas Jefferson is third President of 16 United States.
March 4, 1809
James Madison inaugurated as fourth President of 17 United States.
Nov 9, 1810
Wilford’s father Aphek marries Azubah Hart; of their 6 children; only 2 live to adulthood. WWJ 1:161, 215
March 4, 1817
James Monroe inaugurated as fifth President of 17 United States.
Joseph Smith’s First Vision. Joseph Smith—History (JS—H) 1:14–20
May 1, 1821
Wilford completes general education at age 14; lives with George Cowles for two years to learn miller’s trade.
Wilford works summers, continues schooling at Farmington Academy during the winters. WWJ 1:260
Sept 21, 1823
Joseph Smith’s Second Vision: Moroni explains about the Book of Mormon and mission of Elijah. JS—H 1:30–54
March 4, 1825
John Quincy Adams inaugurated as sixth President of 24 United States.
Wilford begins managing mill for his Aunt Helen Wheeler.
Sept 22, 1827
Joseph Smith receives records from Moroni to begin translation of the Book of Mormon. JS—H 1:59
March 1, 1828
Wilford turns 21 and is eligible to vote.
March 4, 1829
Andrew Jackson is inaugurated as seventh President of 24 United States.
Aaronic and Melchizedek priesthoods are restored. JS—H 1:68–72; Doctrine and Covenants (D & C)27:7–8, 12
Joseph Smith finishes translating the Book of Mormon.
March 26, 1830
First copies of the Book of Mormon are available in Palmyra, New York.
Joseph Smith officially organizes the Church in Fayette Township, New York.
Wilford is age 23 when Robert Mason prophesies of the restoration of the gospel and Wilford’s place in it.
Church membership reaches 200; the population of the 24 United States is 12,866,000.
Wilford hired by Collins Ax Company to run their mill; works in Collinsville (South Canton), CT
Joseph Smith is instructed to move the Church to Kirtland to receive endowment. D & C 37; 38:32
Wilford works in Cowles mill in Farmington, Connecticut.
May 5, 1831
Wilford is baptized by immersion by George Phippen, a Baptist minister; does not join Baptist Church.
Feb 16, 1832
Joseph Smith receives revelation regarding the three degrees of glory. Doctrine and Covenants 76
March 8, 1832
First Presidency of the High Priesthood organized with Joseph Smith, Jesse Gause, and Sidney Rigdon
Wilford reads newspaper article about the Mormons; intrigued by similarities to New Testament church.
Wilford feels inspired to go to Rhode Island, but does not follow prompting.
Wilford and his brothers purchase a farm, sawmill, and orchard in Richland, Oswego Co., NY. WWJ 1:215
Joseph Smith commanded to build a temple in order to receive priesthood keys. D & C 88:119–120
June 5, 1833
Construction of the Kirtland Temple begins.
July 23, 1833
Cornerstones laid for the Kirtland Temple.
Dec 29, 1833
Wilford hears the restored gospel for the first time from Zerah Pulsipher and Elijah Cheney. WWJ 1:5–6
Dec 31, 1833
Wilford is baptized and confirmed by Zerah Pulsipher; Wilford’s brother Azmon is also baptized. WWJ 1:6
Jan 2, 1834
Richland Branch of Church organized; Azmon ordained a priest, Wilford ordained a teacher. by Zerah Pulsipher.
April 1, 1834
Wilford is directed by Parley P. Pratt and Harry Brown to join Zion’s Camp. WWJ 1:7
April 11, 1834
Wilford leaves New York to join Saints in Kirtland, Ohio. WWJ 1:7
Wilford works in Clay County, Missouri, making brick to build the home of Michael Arthur. WWJ 1:14
Nov 5, 1834
Nov 13, 1834
Wilford licensed by Edward Partridge as a representative of the Church in order to serve a mission. WWJ 1:15
Dec 31, 1834
Wilford consecrates himself and all his earthly possessions to the Church. WWJ 1:16
Jan 13, 1835
Feb 14, 1835
The first Quorum of the Twelve Apostles is organized in Kirtland, Ohio. Doctrine and Covenants 107:23–24
June 28, 1835
Jan 21, 1836
First washings and anointings administered; vision of celestial kingdom in Kirtland Temple. D & C 137
March 27, 1836
Kirtland Temple is dedicated. Doctrine and Covenants 109
April 3, 1836
Jesus Christ appears in Kirtland Temple; Moses, Elias, Elijah confer priesthood keys. D & C 110; WWJ 1:67
April 22, 1836
Wilford stays in Samuel Smith’s home (father of future wife Emma Smith). WWJ 1:67
Oct 25, 1836
Wilford leaves Kentucky to return to Ohio. WWJ 1:102.
Nov 7, 1836
Wilford votes in national elections for Martin Van Buren (Pres.) and Richard Johnson (VP). WWJ 1:104
Nov 25, 1836
Wilford returns to Kirtland from mission to Southern states and tours Kirtland Temple. WWJ 1:106
Wilford studies Latin and Greek in the Kirtland School (held in the attic of the temple). WWJ 1:111–141
Wilford attends School of the Prophets. WWJ 1:118–126
Wilford called to be a member of the First Quorum of the Seventy. WWJ 1:118, 216
Jan 28, 1837
Wilford introduced to Phebe Whittemore Carter, a recent convert from Maine. WWJ 1:139
March 4, 1837
Martin Van Buren inaugurated as the eighth President of 26 United States.
March 23, 1837
Wilford spends his first day in the Kirtland Temple. WWJ 1:126–127
April 4–6, 1837
Wilford attends Solemn Assembly and receives washings and anointings in Kirtland Temple. WWJ 1:128–137
April 13, 1837
Wilford and Phebe married by Frederick G. Williams in Joseph Smith’s home in Kirtland. WWJ 1:140–45
April 15, 1837
Wilford receives his patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr. WWJ 1:142–43
Wilford and Phebe live with Warren and Martha Parrish; Wilford works for Heber C. Kimball. WWJ 1:146–7
Woodruffs live with Jonathan and Olive Hale; Wilford records patriarchal blessings for JS Sr.
Phebe stays with Olive; Wilford leaves on mission to Canada/Maine with Jonathan Hale. WWJ 1:149
June 12, 1837
Wilford visits childhood home in Farmington, Connecticut and stays with his family. WWJ 1:258–270
July 6–20, 1837
Wilford meets with relatives in Connecticut. WWJ 1:159–165
July 12, 1837
Wilford baptizes his Uncle Ozem, Aunt Hannah, and cousin John Woodruff. WWJ 1:163
Wilford meets Phebe’s family for the first time while visiting Scarborough, Maine. WWJ 1:167–169
Aug 19, 1837
Wilford arrives in the Fox Islands, Maine. WWJ 1:169
Dec 29, 1837
Wilford stays with Charles Brown (father of future wife Sarah E. Brown) WWJ 1:193
Jan 12, 1838
Joseph Smith moves Church to Far West, Missouri, to escape persecution in Ohio.
Apr 19, 1838
Wilford stays with Charles Brown (father of future wife Sarah E. Brown) WWJ 1:241
May 14, 1838
Wilford reads Parley P. Pratt’s explanation of adoption by baptism into kingdom of God. WWJ 1:249
Joseph Smith explains the need for all living and dead to receive ordinances. EJ 1:43
July 1, 1838
Wilford baptizes father Aphek, stepmother Azubah, stepsister Eunice in Farmington, CT. WWJ 1:264.
July 8, 1838
Wilford called to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Doctrine and Covenants 118
July 14, 1838
Wilford present for birth of his first child, Sarah Emma, in Scarborough, Maine. WWJ 1:271–272
Aug 7, 1838
Wilford returns to his mission in the Fox Islands. WWJ 1:275
Aug 9, 1838
Wilford receives news of calling as an Apostle; call to go on mission to England with apostles. WWJ 1:276–277
Oct 4, 1838
Woodruffs begin trek from Maine to Missouri with group of converts to gather with the Saints. WWJ 1:294
Oct 27, 1838
Governor Boggs issues order expelling Saints from Missouri under threat of extermination. (WWJ 1:321)
Oct 30, 1838
Haun’s Mill massacre in Caldwell County, Missouri, and surrender of Church leaders in Far West demanded.
Nov 1, 1838
Joseph and Hyrum Smith and other Church leaders surrender; General Samuel Lucas orders their execution.
Court hearings to determine Church leaders’ fate; Joseph, Hyrum and others are incarcerated in Liberty Jail.
While Church leaders remain in Liberty Jail, the Saints are forced from Missouri and relocate in Illinois.
Phebe deathly ill with brain fever; after her spirit leaves her body Wilford restores her to life. WWJ 1:303–306
Dec 11, 1839
Wilford’s stepbrother Asahel dies in Indiana at the age of 24 (last living of 5 stepbrothers). WWJ 1:307–311
Dec ‘38–Mar ‘39
Woodruffs winter in Rochester, IL with Brown family; Charles and Rebecca Brown die. WWJ 1:312–319, 351
March 16, 1839
Wilford, Phebe, and Sarah Emma finally arrive in Quincy, Illinois. WWJ 1:322
April 16, 1839
Church leaders escape Liberty Jail with help of guards; Saints move to Commerce, ILs and establish Nauvoo.
April 26, 1839
At age 32 Wilford is ordained an Apostle at the temple site in Far West, Missouri. WWJ 1:325–27
May 4, 1839
Wilford records his call to serve his third mission. WWJ 1:336
May 18, 1839
Woodruffs move to Montrose, IA, live in abandoned barracks with Brigham Young’s family. WWJ 1:332
June 11, 1839
Joseph Smith begins dictating history to scribe James Mulholland; used in Manuscript History of the Church.
Aug 8, 1839
Wilford leaves on two year mission to England with John Taylor. WWJ 1:349
Times and Seasons published in Nauvoo, Illinois through 1846.
Nov 3, 1839
Church historian James Mulholland dies; completed Manuscript History of the Church up to Sept 30, 1830.
Nov 29, 1839
Joseph Smith travels to Washington, D.C. to deliver Missouri redress petition to President Van Buren.
Church membership is 16,800; population of the 26 United States is 17,100,000.
Jan 11, 1840
Feb 10, 1840
Wilford celebrates Queen Victoria’s marriage to Prince Albert by preaching the gospel. WWJ 1:417
March 5, 1840
Wilford arrives at John Benbow’s home; over 600 people baptized in 35 days. WWJ 1:424–439
March 22, 1840
Phebe’s second child Wilford Jr. is born in Montrose, Iowa in Wilford’s absence. WWJ 1:426
The Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star first published in Manchester, England by Parley P. Pratt.
July 17, 1840
Phebe’s first child Sarah Emma dies at age two in Montrose, IA. WWJ 1:537, 541–542
Aug 14, 1840
Joseph Smith’s first explanation of doctrine on baptism for the dead by living relatives. HC 4:179, 231.
Aug 15, 1840
First baptisms for the dead performed in the Mississippi River.
Joseph Smith announces the need to build a temple in Nauvoo.
Jan 19, 1841
Revelation to Joseph Smith on building Nauvoo Temple; place for baptisms and endowment D &C 124:28–42.
March 4, 1841
William Henry Harrison inaugurated as ninth President of 26 United States.
April 6, 1841
John Tyler inaugurated as tenth President of 26 United States after death of President Harrison.
April 6, 1841
Cornerstones are laid for the Nauvoo Temple.
April 20, 1841
Wilford leaves England for America with other members of Quorum of the Twelve. WWJ 2:92
May 20, 1841
Wilford arrives in New York. WWJ 2:102
June 2, 1841
Reunited with Phebe after 2 years; meets his 15-month-old son Wilford Jr. WWJ 2:105
Wilford spends time with family; officiates in marriage of sister Eunice to Dwight Webster August 4. WWJ 2:114
Aug 27, 1841
Church historian Robert B. Thompson dies; he completed Manuscript History of the Church Sept to Nov 1830.
W. W. Phelps writes Manuscript History of the Church Vol. A–1 for Nov 1830 to Nov 1, 1831.
Oct 3, 1841
Joseph Smith directs Saints to stop proxy baptisms in Mississippi River, wait for completion of temple font.
Oct 19, 1841
Wilford and Phebe move into their own home for the first time in their married life. WWJ 2:134
Oct 30, 1841
Wilford is appointed to Nauvoo City Council. WWJ 2:135
Nov 8, 1841
Wooden font completed in the unfinished basement of Nauvoo Temple.
Nov 21, 1841
Wilford witnesses first baptisms for the dead in the Nauvoo Temple. HC 4:426, 454. WWJ 2:138–139
Dec 27, 1841
Wilford sees Urim and Thummim. WWJ 2:144
Wilford helps haul stone for the Nauvoo House and Nauvoo Temple. WWJ 2:149
Feb 3, 1842
Wilford appointed manager of the Church’s official newspaper Times and Seasons. WWJ 2:153
Feb 19, 1842
Wilford sets type for printing/publishing the Book of Abraham in Times and Seasons WWJ 2:155–156
March 4, 1842
Phebe’s third child Phebe Amelia is born in Nauvoo, Illinois. WWJ 2:157
March 15, 1842
Serial publication of Manuscript History of the Church in Times and Seasons as “History of Joseph Smith.”
March 27, 1842
Nauvoo Reformation included rebaptisms; Wilford rebaptized for the first time. WWJ 2:165
April 21, 1842
Wilford baptized for mother Beulah; brothers Philo and Asahel; Phebe for grandparents. WWJ 2:171, 177
May 3, 1842
Joseph receives revelation regarding the meaning of endowment; prepares place to administer endowment.
May 4, 1842
Joseph administers first endowment ordinances in room above the Red Brick Store in Nauvoo. HC 5:1–3
May 7, 1842
Wilford baptized by proxy for great-grandparents Josiah and Sarah Woodford Woodruff. WWJ 2:175
May 15, 1842
Wilford baptized by proxy for more great-grandparents. WWJ 2:176
May 29, 1842
Wilford and Phebe baptized for six family members. WWJ 2:177
Wilford is confined to his bed with illness for 40 days. WWJ 2:184-188
Millennial Star begins serial publication of Manuscript History of the Church in England.
Sept 6, 1842
Joseph Smith’s letter states baptism for the dead is welding link between fathers and children. D & C 128
Oct 30, 1842
3,000 gather in unfinished temple for the first official meeting (the walls were only 4 feet high). WWJ 2:191
Dec 21, 1842
Willard Richards starts writing Manuscript History of the Church Nov 1, 1831–Aug 30, 1834.
Wilford assists in publication of the Nauvoo Neighbor (published until Saints leave Nauvoo in 1846).
May 16–17, 1843
Revelation received by Joseph Smith explaining the necessity of eternal marriage for exaltation. D & C 131
Wilford serves fourth mission in eastern states (with other apostles) to raise funds for temple. WWJ 2:259–325
July 12, 1843
Revelation regarding new and everlasting covenant of marriage for eternity dictated. D & C 132:15–20
July 25, 1843
Phebe’s fourth child Susan Cornelia born in Nauvoo, Illinois, in Wilford’s absence. WWJ 2:264
Aug 5, 1843
Wilford arrives in Philadelphia. WWJ 2:270
Oct 1, 1843
Willard Richards starts Volume B–1 of the Manuscript History of the Church commencing with Sept 1, 1834.
Nov 4, 1843
Nov 11, 1843
Wilford’s marriage to Phebe sealed for eternity by Hyrum Smith. WWJ 2:326–327
Dec 2, 1843
Wilford receives washings, anointings, and endowment. WWJ 2:329
Dec 23, 1843
Phebe receives washings, anointings, and endowment. WWJ 2:332
Jan 28, 1844
Wilford and Phebe receive second anointings. WWJ 2:344
March 2, 1844
Willard Richards completes Manuscript History of the Church Vol. B–1 covering Sept 1, 1834–Aug 5, 1838.
Publication of "The History of Joseph Smith" in the Times and Seasons covering period up to Jan 7, 1832.
March 26, 1844
Wilford attends meeting when Joseph Smith confers priesthood keys on Quorum of the Twelve. WWJ 2:371
April 7, 1844
Wilford records Joseph Smith’s discourse on important doctrines at funeral of King Follett. WWJ 2:378–88
May 4, 1844
Wilford completes brick home in Nauvoo; over the next 2 years lives in it for less than 6 weeks. WWJ 2:393
June 26, 1844
Wilford arrives in Boston to attend convention; nominate Joseph Smith for President of the U. S. WWJ 2:413
June 27, 1844
Joseph and Hyrum Smith murdered while in Carthage Jail. WWJ 2:413–414
July 1, 1844
Wilford attends Jeffersonian Democracy Convention in Boston to nominate Joseph Smith. WWJ 2:415
July 7, 1844
Work on the Nauvoo Temple resumes.
July 9, 1844
Wilford returns to Nauvoo with other members of the Quorum of the Twelve. WWJ 2:433–34
Aug 8, 1844
Meeting where majority of Saints sustain Quorum of Twelve as governing body of the Church. WWJ 2:434–40
Aug 26, 1844
Wilford and Phebe baptized in Mississippi River for deceased relatives. WWJ 2:455–456
Aug 28, 1844
Wilford and Phebe and their children leave Nauvoo for England; Wilford’s sixth mission. WWJ 2:459
Dec 6, 1844
Woodruffs board ship to sail from New York City to Liverpool. WWJ 2:488
Dec 11, 1844
Willard Richards, under the direction of Brigham Young, resumes work on Manuscript History of the Church.
Jan 3, 1845
Woodruffs arrive in Liverpool. WWJ 2:498–3:8
March 4, 1845
James K. Polk inaugurated as eleventh President of 27 United States.
June 15, 1845
Willard Richards and Thomas Bullock resume work on Manuscript History of the Church begin at Aug 5, 1838.
June 25, 1845
First stone laid for the new baptismal font in the Nauvoo Temple.
July 18, 1845
Phebe’s fifth child, Joseph, is born in Liverpool, England. WWJ 2:581
Oct 5, 1845
Church Conference is held in the Nauvoo Temple; pulpits are complete and windows installed.
Dec 10, 1845
First endowments for the living performed in the Nauvoo Temple. HC 7:543
Jan 8, 1846
First priesthood adoptions performed in the Nauvoo Temple.
Jan 11, 1846
First sealings of children to parents performed in the Nauvoo Temple.
Jan 16, 1846
Phebe and 40 other Saints (incl. Wilford’s future wife Mary Ann Jackson) leave England. WWJ 3:5
Jan 20, 1846
Willard Richards and Thomas Bullock stop work on Manuscript History of the Church (until July 1, 1854).
Jan 22, 1846
Wilford leaves England for New York; experiences terrible Atlantic storm. WWJ 3:8–25
Feb 4, 1846
First Saints leave Nauvoo for Iowa.
Population of Nauvoo 14,000–15,000; population of Illinois 500,000–600,000.
Feb 7, 1846
On final day of work in temple, 600 received ordinances; total of 5,615 received endowments in Nauvoo.
Feb 15, 1846
Times and Seasons stops serial publication of the Manuscript History of the Church; final entry re: Aug 11, 1834.
Main exodus of Saints from Nauvoo. Brigham Young’s family leaves Feb 15. Temperature -12° F on Feb 24.
March 17, 1846
Wilford retrieves daughter from sister-in-law’s where she lived during his mission to England. WWJ 3:28
March 20, 1846
Wilford returns to Farmington, CT; parents and cousin Betsey Cossett accompany him to Nauvoo. WWJ 3:33
April 13, 1846
Wilford arrives in Nauvoo with daughter, cousin, and parents; Phebe arrived a few days before. WWJ 3:38
April 15, 1846
Woodruffs tour Nauvoo Temple with others. WWJ 3:39
April 30, 1846
Private dedication of Nauvoo Temple. WWJ 3:41
May 1–3, 1846
Public dedication of Nauvoo Temple; Wilford attends with parents, Phebe, Mary Ann Jackson. WWJ 3:42–47
May 13, 1846
United States Congress declares war on Mexico.
May 22, 1846
Woodruffs leave Nauvoo to join Saints in Iowa. WWJ 3:49
June 26, 1846
Wilford at Mt. Pisgah when Captain Allen arrives to recruit Mormon Battalion. WWJ 3:54–56
July 9, 1846
Woodruffs reach Council Bluffs. WWJ 3:58
July 16–17, 1846
Mormon Battalion recruited by United States Army. WWJ 3:59–61
July 25, 1846
Woodruffs cross Missouri River to Cutler’s Park, Nebraska. WWJ 3:63
Aug 2, 1846
Wilford sealed to Mary Ann Jackson, Sarah Elinor Brown, Mary Caroline Barton. WWJ 3:64–65; MHC 16:127
Aug 8, 1846
Wilford rebaptized 2nd time; rebaptizes Phebe, S. Brown, M. Barton, M. Jackson, Rosetta King. WWJ 3:66
Aug 29, 1846
Wilford expels Sarah E. Brown and Mary C. Barton from his family. WWJ 3:71; MHC 15:210.
Wilford moves his family to Winter Quarters and begins building a cabin to house them for the winter.
Oct 15, 1846
Wilford severely injured by falling tree: breaks breastbone, three ribs, suffers internal injuries. WWJ 3:93–94
Nov 12, 1846
Phebe’s fifth child Joseph dies at age 16 months in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. WWJ 3:95
Dec 8–10, 1846
Phebe’s sixth child Ezra born in Winter Quarters, Nebraska, and dies 2 days later. WWJ 3:97
Dec 13, 1846
483 Saints at Winter Quarters: 334 sick, 53 wives of Mormon Battalion soldiers, 75 widows. WWJ 3:103
Jan 19, 1847
Wilford organizes “adopted” family (40 heads of households) under covenant to abide rules. WWJ 3:119
May 25, 1847
James Jackson Woodruff born (only child of Mary Ann Jackson and Wilford).
Church membership is 34,694.
June 14, 1847
Mary Ann Jackson and her 19-day-old son James start journey to Salt Lake with Wilford’s father Aphek.
July 22, 1847
Advance company arrives in Salt Lake Valley (still Mexican territory at the time); sets up camp. WWJ 3:234
July 24, 1847
Wilford arrives in Salt Lake Valley with Brigham Young and plants potatoes. WWJ 3:233–234
July 26, 1847
Wilford first to climb Ensign Peak. WWJ 3:236
July 26, 1847
Location for Salt Lake Temple Block designated (originally 40 acres). WWJ 3:236, 239
July 31, 1847
First bowery built on Temple Block by Mormon Battalion. WWJ 3:244–245
Aug 6, 1847
Wilford, Brigham Young, and other apostles are rebaptized (Wilford’s third rebaptism). WWJ 3:248–249
Aug 26, 1847
After planting crops and building cabins, Wilford leaves Salt Lake to return to Winter Quarters. WWJ 3:263
Sept 3–5, 1847
Wilford’s group meets companies heading west incl. father Aphek, wife Mary Ann, son James. WWJ 3:264–267
Oct 28, 1847
Phebe’s seventh child Shuah Carter born in Council Bluffs, Iowa, in Wilford’s absence. WWJ 3:287–288
Oct 31, 1847
Wilford arrives in Council Bluffs/Kanesville, Iowa. WWJ 3:288
Dec 5, 1847
First Presidency reorganized with Brigham Young as President of the Church. WWJ 3:294–295
Log tabernacle built in Council Bluffs. WWJ 3:299
Dec 27, 1847
Brigham Young sustained as President of the Church by the Saints. WWJ 3:300–301
Feb 2, 1848
Treaty signed ending Mexican-American War. Mexico cedes to US: present day CA, NV, NM, WY, AZ, CO
March 18, 1848
Wilford baptizes 8-year-old son Wilford Jr. WWJ 3:333
May 11, 1848
Mary Ann Jackson divorces Wilford.
June 21, 1848
Wilford leaves Iowa with family to preside over Church in Eastern United States and Canada. WWJ 3:353
July 22, 1848
Phebe’s seventh child Shuah Carter dies in LaMoille, Illinois at age 9 months. WWJ 3:359
Aug 12, 1848
Woodruffs arrive in Boston, Massachusetts. WWJ 3:361–544
March 5, 1849
Zachary Taylor inaugurated as twelfth President of 30 United States.
March 8, 1849
Constitutional convention held to form the State of Deseret: UT, NV, AZ parts of CA, WY, CO, NM, OR, ID.
March 22, 1849
Wilford baptizes father-in-law Ezra Carter. WWJ 3:433–434
Second bowery built on Temple Block in Salt Lake City.
Church membership 61,000; population of Utah Territory 11,380; population of United States 23,192,000.
April 9, 1850
Woodruffs leave Boston with a group of 209 converts to join the Saints in Utah. WWJ 3:544
May 16, 1850
Woodruffs return to Council Bluffs, Iowa. WWJ 3:552
June 15, 1850
Woodruffs leave for Salt Lake Valley from Kanesville, Iowa. WWJ 3:557
July 10, 1850
Millard Fillmore inaugurated as thirteenth President of 30 United States.
Sept 9, 1850
Under Compromise of 1850, Congress created the Utah Territory; Brigham Young appointed as Governor.
Oct 14, 1850
Woodruffs arrive in Salt Lake Valley and live in cabins Wilford built in 1847. WWJ 3:577
Dec 5, 1850
Wilford appointed to the Council (Legislature) of the State of Deseret (serves a total of 21 terms). WWJ 3:582
Wilford moves his cabins from Old Fort to construct home on South Temple and West Temple
Marriage sealings and endowments administered in the Utah Territorial Council House in Salt Lake City.
Jan 6, 1851
Wilford begins serving as member of Utah Territorial Legislature. WWJ 4:4
March 20, 1851
Wilford’s stepmother Azubah Hart dies in Burlington, Vermont. WWJ 4:64
Plans announced for construction of adobe Tabernacle on Temple Block.
July 19, 1851
Phebe’s eighth child Beulah Augusta born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 4:48
Aug 2, 1851
Groundbreaking for adobe Tabernacle on Temple Square.
Nov 15, 1851
Publication of the Manuscript History of the Church begins in the Deseret News.
Wilford serves second term as member of Territorial Legislature. WWJ 4:89–102
March 28, 1852
Wilford sealed to plural wife Mary Meek Giles Webster by Brigham Young in Woodruff’s home. WWJ 4:103
First Thursday of the month designated for fasting and prayer (later changed to first Sunday by Wilford).
April 6, 1852
General Conference held in new adobe Tabernacle on Temple Block . WWJ 4:104–105
April 7, 1852
Brigham Young sustained as Governor of the State of Deseret. WWJ 4:112
July 7, 1852
Endowments resumed in Council House by Heber C. Kimball at the direction of Brigham Young. MHC 22:62
July 25, 1852
Wilford rebaptizes plural wife Mary Webster and baptizes 8-year-old daughter Susan. WWJ 4:141
Aug 3, 1852
Workers began laying foundation stones for the wall around the Temple Block. MHC 22:67.
Aug 8, 1852
Revelation on patriarchal marriage first made public by Brigham Young. WWJ 4:142
Oct 3, 1852
Wilford’s plural wife Mary Meek Giles Webster dies. WWJ 4:149
Dec 21, 1852
Wilford appointed clerk and historian of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles at age 45. WWJ 4:161–162
Jan 2–14, 1853
Wilford serves third term as member of Utah Territorial Legislature. WWJ 4:179
Jan 25, 1853
Phebe’s ninth child Aphek born in Salt Lake City and only lives two hours. WWJ 4:183
Feb 14, 1853
Wilford attends groundbreaking ceremony and dedication of Salt Lake Temple site. WWJ 4:195–199
Wilford assigned to supervise construction of temple foundation; started digging Feb 23. WWJ 4:207–213
March 4, 1853
Franklin Pierce inaugurated as fourteenth President of 31 United States.
March 13, 1853
Wilford sealed to Emma Smith and Sarah Brown in Council House; resealed to Phebe. WWJ 4:211
April 6, 1853
Cornerstones of Salt Lake Temple were laid. WWJ 4:213–214
June 15, 1853
Eunice, Wilford’s only sister, dies in Burlington, Vermont. WWJ 4:219
July 1, 1853
Thomas Bullock and Willard Richards resume work on the Manuscript History of the Church.
Dec 1, 1853
Manuscript History of the Church completed to March 1, 1843: Vol. D–1 is Aug 1, 1842 to July 1, 1843.
Dec 13, 1853
Sealing to Mary Ann Jackson cancelled?
Jan 4–20, 1854
Wilford serves fourth term in Utah Territorial Legislature. WWJ 4:240–241
April 4, 1854
Sarah Brown’s first child David Patten Woodruff is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 4:258
April 7, 1854
George A. Smith appointed Church Historian; Manuscript History of the Church Jul 1, 1843–Apr 30, 1844.
Third bowery built on Temple Square, north of adobe Tabernacle.
Dec 11, 1854
Wilford serves in Territorial Legislature December 11 to January 19, 1855. WWJ 4:294–301
Feb 3, 1855
Wilford elected president of the Universal Scientific Society established in the Territory. WWJ 4:302
May 5, 1855
Wilford attends dedication of Endowment House in Salt Lake City. WWJ 4:316
May 5, 1855
First endowments for the living administered in the Endowment House. WWJ 4:316
Church Reformation takes place in Utah.
May 9–27, 1855
Wilford tours southern Utah settlements with Brigham and apostles. WWJ 4:318–327
Sept 13, 1855
Wilford helps establish the Deseret Horticultural Society. WWJ 4:336
Dec ‘55–Jan ‘56
Wilford serves fifth term in Territorial Legislature. WWJ 4:361–395
March 17, 1856
Second Constitutional Convention held and petition for State of Deseret delivered to Washington, D.C.
March 17, 1856
Wilford rebaptizes family members over the age of 8 (3 wives, 3 children, Lamanite boy Moroni). WWJ 4:407
April 7, 1856
Wilford appointed Assistant Church Historian (serves in Historian’s Office from 1856 to 1883). WWJ 4:409
April 28, 1856
Wilford poisoned while skinning livestock; life saved through priesthood blessings. WWJ 4:414–419
Church-wide reformation includes rebaptizing, restructuring and recommitment to principles and covenants.
Oct 2, 1856
Wilford helps dedicate Endowment House baptismal font. WWJ 4:458–462
Oct 2, 1856
First baptisms performed in font; Quorum of the Twelve rebaptized (4th rebaptism for Wilford). WWJ 4:461–2
Dec 30, 1856
Members of Utah Territorial Legislature rebaptized (Wilford for the fifth time). WWJ 4:524
Dec ‘56–Jan ‘57
Wilford serves sixth term in Utah Territorial Legislature to January 16, 1857. WWJ 4:518–5:9
Wilford serves on Board of Directors of Deseret Agriculture and Manufacturing Society.
Wilford and George A. Smith complete Manuscript History of the Church up to Joseph Smith’s death in 1844.
Jan 18, 1857
Sarah’s second child Brigham Young Woodruff is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 5:9–10
March 4, 1857
James Buchanan inaugurated as fifteenth President of 31 United States.
Church membership is 55,236.
July 13, 1857
President Buchanan removes Brigham Young as Governor; sends army to escort new Governor Cumming.
July 24, 1857
Saints receive news that 2,500 U.S. Army troops are coming to Utah. WWJ 5:69
July 31, 1857
Wilford sealed to plural wife Sarah Delight Stocking (“Delight”) by Brigham Young. WWJ 5:70
Sept 7-11, 1857
Attack on wagon train of emigrants and massacre at Mountain Meadows.
Sept 29, 1857
John D. Lee gives false report of Mountain Meadows massacre to Wilford and Brigham Young. WWJ 5:102–3
Oct 1, 1857
United States Army winters at Camp Scott, Wyoming, 100 miles from Salt Lake City. WWJ 5:104
Oct 4, 1857
Emma’s first child Hyrum Smith Woodruff is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 5:105
Oct 16, 1857
US Army Colonel Alexander’s letter threatens Saints with extermination if they oppose Army. WWJ 5:108
Nov 21, 1857
Alfred Cumming charges Brigham Young with treason; declares Utah citizens in rebellion against U.S.
Dec 13, 1857
Wilford serves seventh term in Territorial Legislature. WWJ 5:134–143
Feb 3, 1858
President Buchanan asks for four more regiments to help quell “rebellion.” WWJ 5:162
Third bowery on Temple Block in Salt Lake City dismantled before arrival of Johnston’s Army.
April 8, 1858
Wilford moves to Provo; 30,000 Saints prepare to abandon/burn Salt Lake City ahead of army. WWJ 5:178
Governor Cumming enters Salt Lake City without army escort under terms negotiated by Thomas Kane.
U. S. Army enters abandoned Salt Lake Valley under terms of brokered peace. WWJ 5:210–211
Saints begin returning to their homes in Salt Lake City. WWJ 5:202
Nov 24, 1858
Emma’s first child Hyrum Smith Woodruff dies at age 13 months. WWJ 5:244
Dec 13–31 1858
Wilford serves eighth term in Utah Legislature. WWJ 5:254–263
Jan 30, 1859
Wilford performs marriage of daughter Susan to Robert Scholes (first child to marry). WWJ 5:280
April 4, 1859
Wilford’s daughter Phebe Amelia is sealed to Lorenzo Snow as his eighth wife. WWJ 5:323 and see 5:22
May 30, 1859
Sarah’s third child Phebe Arabell is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 5:341
Oct 16–29, 1859
Wilford is dying; gives family final instructions on funeral and disposition of belongings. WWJ 5:390–393
Church membership 61,000; population of Utah Territory 40,273, population of 37 United States 31,443,000.
May 21, 1860
First grandchild born, Robert and Susan’s daughter; four generations living in his home. WWJ 5:459
July 4, 1860
Emma’s second child Emma Manella is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 5:471
Feb 4, 1861
Seven southern states secede from Union. WWJ 5:550 (Confederacy included 15 states and territories by 1862)
March 4, 1861
Abraham Lincoln inaugurated as sixteenth President.
April 21, 1861
News arrives in Utah of firing on Fort Sumter and the beginning of the Civil War. WWJ 5:566
May 28, 1861
Wilford’s father Aphek Woodruff dies. WWJ 5:579
June 1, 1861
Delight’s first child Marion is born in Salt Lake City WWJ 5:580; Wilford learns of father’s death WWJ 5:581
Governor John Dawson arrives on 7th departs on 31st; vetoes 3rd Constitutional Convention. WWJ 5:604–615
Jan 14, 1862
Sarah’s fourth child Sylvia Melvina is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 6:7
Jan 20, 1862
Wilford helps draft constitution for State of Deseret; Brigham Young elected first governor. WWJ 6:8–13
June 9, 1862
Congress rejects fourth petition for formation of State of Deseret; Brigham Young still serves as Governor.
Legislature of the State of Deseret meets simultaneously with Utah Territorial Legislature. WWJ 6:52–53
June 10, 1862
Salt Lake Temple foundation razed and top stones removed. WWJ 6:53
July 6, 1862
Wilford baptizes son David Patten Woodruff. WWJ 6:65
July 8, 1862
Morrill Anti-Bigamy Law signed by Abraham Lincoln.
July 6, 1862
Wilford moves plural wife Delight to Fort Herriman. WWJ 6:66
July 22, 1862
Wilford serves as Pres. of Deseret Agriculture and Manufacturing Society for 15 years (1862–1877). WWJ 6:67
Aug 23, 1862
Wilford records Brigham Young’s plans for a 15,000-seat tabernacle on Temple Square. WWJ 6:71
Jan 1, 1863
Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln. WWJ 6:89
Feb 3, 1863
Emma’s third child Asahel Hart is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 6:95
April 6, 1863
Plans announced for construction of Great Tabernacle on Temple Block.
April 7, 1863
Wilford Jr. called to serve a mission in England. WWJ 6:108
May 29, 1863
James Jackson Woodruff returns to live with Wilford. WWJ 6:113
July 25, 1863
Delight’s second child Emeline is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 6:122
Nov 3, 1863
Sarah’s fifth child Newton is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 6:135
March 4, 1865
Abraham Lincoln’s second inauguration. WWJ 6:215
April 9, 1865
Civil War ends. WWJ 6:220
April 14, 1865
Abraham Lincoln assassinated. WWJ 6:220
April 15, 1865
Andrew Johnson inaugurated as seventeenth President of 36 United States.
Dec 23, 1865
Delight’s third child Ensign is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 6:266
Dec 26, 1866
Brigham Young reintroduces second anointings. WWJ 6:307–309
Feb 12, 1867
Emma receives her second anointing. WWJ 6:326
Feb 14, 1867
Delight receives her second anointing. WWJ 6:326
April 10, 1867
Emma’s fourth child Ann Thompson is born in Salt Lake City and dies the next day. WWJ 6:335–336
Oct 6, 1867
First meeting held in Great Tabernacle on Temple Block. WWJ 6:367
Oct 26, 1867
Sarah’s sixth child Mary is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 6:375
Dec 2, 1867
Wilford participates in reestablishment of the School of the Prophets. WWJ 6:378, 381.
July 23, 1868
Emma’s fifth child Clara Martisha is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 6:416
Aug 29, 1868
Delight’s fourth child Jeremiah is born in Fort Herriman, Utah.
March 4, 1869
Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated as eighteenth President of 37 United States.
May 10, 1869
Transcontinental Railroad completed, effectively ending isolation of Utah. WWJ 6:472
Dec 16, 1869
Delight’s fourth child Jeremiah dies at age 15 months in Salt Lake City. WWJ 6:510
Church membership 90,130; population of Utah Territory 86,336; population of 38 United States 39,820,000.
Feb 12, 1870
Utah women given the right to vote; Liberal (non-Mormon) Party formed opposing People’s (Mormon) Party.
Nov 21, 1870
Wilford comforts Emma through her miscarriage. WWJ 6:582
Dec 5, 1870
Sarah’s seventh child Charles Henry is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 1:205
Jan 31, 1871
Brigham Young proposes idea of building a temple in St. George.
Feb 2, 1871
Sarah’s seventh child Charles Henry dies at age two months in Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:7
April 17, 1871
Delight’s fifth child Rosannah is born in Salt Lake City. (Not in WWJ)
April 18, 1871
Wilford moves wife Sarah Brown and her children to Randolph, Utah. WWJ 7:15
Oct 6, 1871
Priesthood members vote in favor of building temple in St. George. WWJ 7:33
Nov 9, 1871
Groundbreaking ceremony for St. George Temple.
Feb 18, 1872
Fifth Constitutional Convention held to petition for statehood. WWJ 7:60 (Rejected by Congress April 2)
Sept 9–27, 1872
Wilford travels to California to attend California State Fair. WWJ 7:81–89
Oct 22, 1872
Delight’s fifth child Rosannah dies at age 18 months in Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:92
Nov 23, 1872
Emma’s sixth child Abraham Owen is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:95
Feb 2, 1873
Sarah’s eighth child Edward Randolph is born in Randolph, Utah. WWJ 7:121
Feb 8, 1873
Sarah’s eighth child Edward Randolph dies in Randolph. WWJ 7:122
Aug 14, 1873
Delight’s sixth child John Jay is born in Salt Lake City. (Not in WWJ)
June 23, 1874
Poland Act passed by Congress becomes legal basis for the prosecution of polygamists in the 1870s and 1880s.
April 10, 1875
Seniority of apostles adjusted according to ordination date, placing John Taylor ahead of Wilford. WWJ 7:224
July 17, 1875
Wilford rebaptized (for the sixth time) along with other members of the Quorum of the Twelve. WWJ 7:234
Aug 11, 1875
St. George Temple baptismal font dedicated; used to rebaptize Saints entering the United Order in St. George.
Oct 3, 1875
President Ulysses S. Grant visits Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:247–248
Oct 9, 1875
Great Tabernacle on Temple Block dedicated by President John Taylor. WWJ 7:250
Jan 3, 1876
Wilford moves Delight into her new house in Salt Lake City. WWJ:7:261
April 9, 1876
Emma’s seventh child Winnifred Blanche is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:271
Nov 1, 1876
Wilford moves to St. George to assist in readying temple for dedication WWJ 7:289
Nov 7, 1876
National elections. WWJ 7:290
Nov 13, 1876
Wilford, L. John Nuttall and John D. T. McAllister begin writing down the temple ceremony. WWJ 7:292
Church membership reaches 115,065.
Jan 1, 1877
Wilford, Brigham Young Jr., and Erastus Snow dedicate portions of St. George Temple. WWJ 7:303–315
Jan 9, 1877
First baptism for the dead performed in St. George Temple font. WWJ 7:321
Jan 11, 1877
First proxy endowments performed in this dispensation in St. George Temple. WWJ 7:321
Jan 11, 1877
First proxy sealings and sealings and endowments for the living in St. George Temple. WWJ 7:321
Jan 14, 1877
Brigham Young asked Wilford and others to write out the temple ceremonies. WWJ 7:322–340
Jan 16, 1877
Wilford administers second anointing to the first couple in the St. George Temple. WWJ 7:322
Feb 7, 1877
Wilford administers second anointing by proxy for the first time in the St. George Temple. WWJ 7:326
Feb 23, 1877
Wilford receives revelation authorizing proxy ordinances for his family by non-relatives. WWJ 7:329
March 1, 1877
In honor of Wilford’s 70th birthday, 154 women serve as proxies in ordinances for his family. WWJ 7:329–336
March 3, 1877
Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as nineteenth President of 38 United States.
March 10, 1877
Wilford sealed to Eudora Lovina Young by her father Brigham Young. WWJ 7:338
March 21, 1877
Wilford and others finished writing down the ceremonies and temple procedures. WWJ 7:340
March 22, 1877
Wilford performed first adoptions (two couples to Brigham Young) in St. George Temple. WWJ 7:340–341
March 27, 1877
Phebe, Wilford Jr., Beulah and Phebe Amelia arrive in St. George to work in temple. WWJ 7:341–345
March 30, 1877
First time Wilford ever acted as proxy in endowment: for “Prophet” Robert Mason. WWJ 7:342
April 1, 1877
General Conference held in completed temple, dedication of entire temple. WWJ 7:343
April 8, 1877
At the age of 70, called to preside over the St. George Temple (served until June 26, 1884). WWJ 7:344
April 11, 1877
First time anyone ever adopted to Wilford: Josiah G. Hardy, Samuel B. Hardy and their wives. WWJ 7:344
April 14, 1877
Wilford’s family leaves St. George to return to Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:345
April 16, 1877
Wilford resigns as President of the Deseret Agricultural and Manufacturing Society after 15 years. WWJ 7:346
April 25, 1877
Site for Manti Temple dedicated by Brigham Young. WWJ 7:347
May 18, 1877
Site for Logan Temple dedicated by Brigham Young. WWJ 7:350
June 16, 1877
Wilford’s son Brigham drowns in Bear River at age 20. WWJ 7:354–355
Church-wide priesthood reorganization included rebaptism. WWJ 7:362
Aug 19–21, 1877
Wilford’s vision of Signers of Dec. of Independence; proxy baptisms for eminent men/women. WWJ 7:367–68
Aug 22–24, 1877
Majority of endowments completed for Eminent Men and Women; some sealings also completed. WWJ 7:369
Aug 29, 1877
Brigham Young dies. WWJ 7:370
Sept 1, 1877
Wilford accompanies Lucy Bigelow Young to Salt Lake City for funeral. WWJ 7:370–71
Sept 2, 1877
Funeral service for Brigham Young held in Tabernacle. WWJ 7:371
Sept 2, 1877
Wilford dedicates Brigham Young’s grave. WWJ 7:372
Sept 4, 1877
Apostles meet and agree that John Taylor will be President of the Quorum of the Twelve. WWJ 7:372
Sept 16, 1877
Wilford publicly shares his vision of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence. WWJ 7:373
Sept 17, 1877
Wilford participates in the cornerstone laying ceremony for the Logan Temple. WWJ 7:374
Oct 6, 1877
Solemn Assembly to sustain Quorum of Twelve as leading body; John Taylor as Quorum pres. WWJ 7:377
Nov 29, 1877
Endowments resume in Endowment House; for those too ill or elderly to travel to St. George. WWJ 7:384
Jan –Mar 1878
Wilford spends two months working in St. George Temple. WWJ 7:395–405
April 1, 1878
Wilford and Eudora’s? son is born and dies nine hours later. WWJ 7:407
June 28, 1878
Delight’s seventh child Julia Delight Stocking is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:425
Wilford is divorced from Eudora Young? (“sent bill” on Nov 25; “signed bill” on Nov 28) WWJ 7:439
Dec 2, 1878
Wilford asks Mary Ann Jackson to be resealed to him. (Note written in shorthand in margin of WWJ 7:441)
Jan 1, 1879
Wilford and Phebe move from Valley House into house next door; lease Valley House to be used as a hotel.
Jan 2, 1879
Emma’s eighth child, Wilford’s thirty-fourth and last child, Mary Alice is born in Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:489
Jan 6, 1879
Supreme Court denies George Reynolds’ challenge to Morrill Law; plural marriage a criminal offense.
Feb 7, 1879
Wilford goes into hiding to avoid arrest for polygamy. WWJ 7:454
Mar ‘79–Apr ‘80
Wilford spends a year in Arizona “on the underground” serving a mission among the Indians. WWJ 7:342–567.
Church membership 135,000; Utah Territory 143,963; population of 38 United States 50,190,000.
Jan 26, 1880
Wilford receives Wilderness Revelation re: God’s defense of the patriarchal law of marriage. WWJ 7:546
April 2, 1880
Wilford returns to Salt Lake City from exile in Arizona. WWJ 7:567
Oct 10, 1880
First Presidency reorganized with John Taylor President; Wilford President of Quorum of 12. WWJ 7:595–6
Oct 10, 1880
Pearl of Great Price sustained as a standard work by the Church. WWJ 7:596
Jan 16, 1881
Wilford appointed General President of Young Men’s Mutual Improvement Association. WWJ 8:5
Wilford works for a month in the St. George Temple. WWJ 8:15–22
March 4, 1881
James A. Garfield inaugurated as twentieth President of 38 United States.
March 5, 1881
Apostles wash feet against enemies as directed in Wilderness Revelation. WWJ 8:17
May ’81–Apr ‘89
Sept 20, 1881
Chester A. Arthur inaugurated as 21st President of 38 United States after assassination of James A. Garfield.
Wilford works in St. George Temple. WWJ 8:64–70
Jan 8, 1882
Assembly Hall on Temple Block dedicated by Joseph F. Smith. WWJ 8:80
March 14, 1882
Edmunds Act passed: plural marriage a felony, cohabitation a misdemeanor. WWJ 8:90.
March 24, 1882
First Presidency counsels men to live with “only one wife under the same roof.” WWJ 8:92
Sixth Constitutional Convention for Utah held; Congress rejects petition for statehood on Feb 23, 1883.
Oct 5, 1883
Wilford sustained in General Conference as Church Historian and recorder. (not in WWJ)
Oct 12, 1883
John Taylor reinstitutes the School of the Prophets with “washing of the feet.” WWJ 8:201
Dec ‘83–Jan ‘84
Wilford works in St. George Temple. WWJ 8:211–221
May 17, 1884
Wilford helps dedicate Logan Temple. WWJ 8:249–252
May 29–Jun 19
Wilford tours Idaho settlements with wife Sarah and Heber J. Grant. WWJ 8:253–260
Jan ‘85–Oct ‘87
Wilford goes into hiding again to avoid arrest; lives in St. George area from Jan 20 to Nov 5, 1885. WWJ 8:299–341
March 4, 1885
Grover Cleveland inaugurated as twenty-second President of 38 United States. WWJ 8:307
Nov 5, 1885
Wilford called back to Salt Lake City for a meeting of Quorum of the Twelve. WWJ 8:342
Nov 9, 1885
Wilford sees Phebe for the last time and gives her a blessing. WWJ 8:342
Nov 10, 1885
Phebe Woodruff dies; Wilford watches funeral from Church office to avoid arrest. WWJ 8:342–343; 9:426
Jan 13, 1887
April 24, 1887
John D. T. McAllister becomes St. George Temple President. WWJ 8:435
Seventh Constitutional Convention for Utah held; Congress rejects petition for statehood.
John Taylor dies at the age of eighty. WWJ 8:447
July 25, 1887
Wilford, as President of Quorum of the Twelve, becomes the leader of the Church. WWJ 8:448
July 29, 1887
Wilford watches John Taylor’s funeral procession from Church office to avoid arrest. WWJ 8:449
July 30, 1887
Frank H. Dyer appointed receiver for the government; Church property confiscated.
Oct 9, 1887
Wilford meets with Saints in Salt Lake Tabernacle for first time in three years. WWJ 8:461
Wilford’s reorganization of First Presidency fails due to discord re: George Q. Cannon. WWJ 8:489–91
May 17, 1888
May 21, 1888
Lorenzo Snow dedicates Manti Temple in public ceremony after Wilford returns to Salt Lake City. WWJ 8:500
May 27, 1888
When Erastus Snow dies Wilford is only living Apostle who served in the days of Joseph Smith. WWJ 8:501
June 14, 1888
Wilford directs all 32 stakes to establish Stake Academies to educate youth of the Church. WWJ 8:504
July 9, 1888
Church’s attorneys obtain commitment from U.S. Solicitor that temples would not be confiscated. WWJ 8:508
Nov 7, 1888
Benjamin Harrison elected president. WWJ 8:524
Dec 20, 1888
Apostles refuse to sign document rejecting polygamy. WWJ 8:530.
March 4, 1889
Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as twenty-third President of 38 United States.
April 5, 1889
First Presidency reorganized: Wilford President, George Q. Cannon, Joseph F. Smith counselors. WWJ 9:15
April 7, 1889
Solemn Assembly held in Tabernacle to sustain new First Presidency. WWJ 9:16
Oct 21–Nov 16
Wilford travels with Emma and Church leaders to Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and Canada. WWJ 9:59–66
Endowment House closed and demolished. WWJ 9:62–65
Nov 24, 1889
Wilford receives revelation on politics and polygamy; will not trade religion for statehood. WWJ 9:67–69
Nov 30, 1889
Judge Anderson denies immigrating Church members United States’ citizenship. WWJ 9:70
Dec 23, 1889
Church-wide fast day on Joseph Smith’s birthday asking for deliverance from persecution. WWJ 9:70, 73
Church membership 188,000; Utah Territory 210,779; population of 44 United States. 62,948,000
May 19, 1890
U.S. Supreme Court sustains Edmunds-Tucker Act and Congress’s right to escheat Church property. WWJ 9:94
Secretary of State James G. Blaine drafts document renouncing polygamy which Church leaders refuse to sign.
Frank H. Dyer removed as receiver and replaced by Henry W. Lawrence.
Aug 3, 1890
Wilford visits Saints throughout Utah, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona. WWJ 9:103
Wilford meets with three apostles regarding decision on polygamy. WWJ 9:112
Sept 25, 1890
Wilford issues Manifesto on polygamy. WWJ 9:112–116
Oct 6, 1890
May 9, 1891
Wilford meets President Benjamin Harrison when he visits Salt Lake City. WWJ 9:147
May 29, 1891
People’s Party is disbanded; Saints advised to join Democrat/Republican parties. WWJ 9:154
Oct 19, 1891
Wilford testifies in court regarding practice of polygamy. WWJ 9:165–166
Oct 25, 1891
Wilford’s testimony to Saints and defense of Manifesto. WWJ 9:168–170
Nov 6, 1891
Wilford decides temple recommends signed by Bishop and Stake leaders only, not by Church president.
Oct 13, 1892
President Harrison asks for the prayers of the First Presidency on behalf of his very ill wife. WWJ 9:222
Jan 5, 1893
Limited amnesty granted to former polygamists by President Harrison. WWJ 9:235
March 4, 1893
Grover Cleveland inaugurated as the twenty-fourth President of 44 United States.
April 6, 1893
Wilford dedicates the Salt Lake Temple at age 86. WWJ 9:246
Aug 29, 1893
Wilford attends World’s Fair in Chicago. WWJ 9:259–264
Oct 17, 1893
Wilford meets with temple presidents to harmonize the endowment ceremony in all the temples. WWJ 9:267
Jan 12, 1894
Money taken by government under Edmunds-Tucker Act returned to the Church. WWJ 9:284
March 19, 1894
Wilford has dream about Benjamin Franklin. WWJ 9:293
April 6, 1894
Wilford receives revelation regarding sealing practices and the Law of Adoption. WWJ 9:296
April 8, 1894
Wilford announces end to practice of adoption. WWJ 9:296–7
April 18, 1894
Wilford present at first endowment ceremony in Salt Lake Temple. WWJ 9:298
July 17, 1894
President Cleveland signed the Utah Enabling Act which gave Utah admission into the Union. WWJ 9:311
Oct 25, 1894
Wilford inaugurates week day religious education classes (led to seminary and institute programs). WWJ 9:323
Nov 13, 1894
Wilford establishes the Genealogical Society of Utah. WWJ 9:326
Eighth Constitutional Convention held; new constitution banning polygamy ratified Nov 5th. WWJ 9:342–351
Wilford travels to Oregon, Washington, and Alaska for recuperating vacation. WWJ 9:357–363
Jan 4, 1896
Utah admitted to the Union as the 45th state by President Grover Cleveland. WWJ 9:385–386
April 6, 1896
Wilford and Quorum of the Twelve issue Political Manifesto. WWJ 9:397
Aug 13–Sept 9, ‘96
Wilford travels to Oregon and California for recuperating vacation with L. John Nuttall. WWJ 9:417–424
Nov 5, 1896
Wilford changes fast day from first Thursday to first Sunday of each month. WWJ 9:433
March 4, 1897
William McKinley inaugurated as twenty-fifth President of 45 United States.
Mar 12–19, 1897
Wilford records his testimony (only known recording of his voice).
Publication of Conference Report begins; continues through 1965 (replaced by Ensign Conference issue).
July 20–24, 1897
Wilford joins 50th anniversary celebration of first pioneer company arriving in Salt Lake. WWJ 9:492–94
Sept 9–25, 1897
Wilford travels to Oregon and California for recuperating vacation. WWJ 9:507–11
April 10, 1898
Wilford’s Conference address on his 1877 vision of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence. WWJ 9:544
July 24, 1898
Wilford dedicates Pioneer Park (site of fort he helped build in 1847); last public appearance WWJ 9:556
Aug 13, 1898
Wilford leaves Utah for recuperating vacation in California. WWJ 9:558
Sept 2, 1898
Wilford dies from complications of a medical procedure in San Francisco at age 91. WWJ 9:561