Timeline of Wilford Woodruff's Life


within the Context of LDS Church and United States History:

All references from Wilford Woodruff’s Journal, 1833-1898, Typescript, ed. Scott G. Kenney, 9 vols. (Midvale, Utah: Signature Books, 1983-1984) are shown as WWJ followed by volume number and page.
                                             
Timeline copyrighted © 2011 Jennifer Ann Mackley.
1807
March 1
Willford Woodruff is born in Farmington Township (Avon), Connecticut, to Beulah Thompson and Aphek Woodruff.  WWJ 1:5


Thomas Jefferson is 3rd President of the 17 United States.
1807
June 7
Baptized in the Congregational Church by Reverend Rufus Hawley.
1808
June 11
Wilford’s mother, Beulah Thompson, dies at age 26 of spotted fever. WWJ 1:160, 215
1809
March 4
James Madison inaugurated as 4th President of the United States.
1810
November 9
Wilford’s father Aphek marries Azubah Hart. They have six children, but only Asahel and Eunice live to adulthood.  WWJ 1:161, 215
1809
March 4
James Monroe inaugurated as 5th President of the United States.
1820
Spring
Joseph Smith’s First Vision in the Sacred Grove. JS-H 1:14-20
1821
May 1
Wilford completes general education at the age of 14 then goes to live with Colonel George Cowles for two years to learn trade of miller.  From 1821-1826 Wilford works summers, continues schooling at Farmington Academy during the winters. WWJ 1:260
1823
September 21
Joseph Smith’s Second Vision: Moroni tells Joseph about the Book of Mormon and mission of Elijah JS-H 1:30-54
1827

Wilford begins managing his Aunt Helen Wheeler’s mill.
1827
September 22
Joseph receives records from Moroni to begin translation of the Book of Mormon. JS-H 1:59
1828
March 1
Wilford turns 21 as President John Quincy Adams is completing his administration.
1829
March 4
Andrew Jackson is inaugurated as 7th President of the 24 United States.
1829

The Aaronic and Melchizedek Priesthoods are restored to Joseph and Oliver Cowdery. JS-H 1:68-72; Doctrine & Covenants 27:7-8, 12
1829
June
Joseph Smith finishes translating the Book of Mormon.
1830
March 26
First copies of the Book of Mormon available in Palmyra, New York.
1830
April 6
Joseph Smith officially organizes the Church in Fayette Township, New York
1830

Church membership by the end of the year: over 200; population of the 24 United States 12,866,000
1830

Wilford is age 23 when Robert Mason prophesies of the restoration of the gospel and Wilford’s place in it
1830

Wilford works in Collinsville/South Canton, Connecticut running a mill for the Collins Ax Company
1830
December
Joseph Smith is instructed to move the Church to Kirtland to receive endowment from on high Doctrine & Covenants 37 and 38:32
1831

Wilford works in Richard Cowles mill in Farmington, Connecticut 
1831
May 5
Wilford is baptized by immersion to fulfill commandment (by Reverend George Phippen, a Baptist minister) but does not join the Baptist Church.
1832
February 16
Joseph Smith receives revelation regarding the gospel being taught to the dead in the spirit world. Doctrine & Covenants 76
1832
Spring
Wilford reads a newspaper article about the Mormons and is intrigued by the similarities to the New Testament Church.
1832
Spring
Wilford inspired to go to Rhode Island but does not follow prompting.
1832
Spring
Wilford, his brothers Azmon and Ozem Thompson purchase a farm, sawmill and orchard in Richland, Oswego County, New York and move from Connecticut. WWJ 1:215
1832
June
Evening and Morning Star published in Jackson County, Missouri until September 1834
1832
December
Joseph Smith commanded to build a temple in order for priesthood keys to be received Doctrine & Covenants 88:119-120
1833
June 5
Construction of the Kirtland Temple begins
1833
July 23
Cornerstones laid for Kirtland Temple
1833
December 29
Wilford hears the restored gospel for the first time from Elders Zerah Pulsipher and Elijah Cheney.  WWJ 1:5-6
1833
December 31
Wilford is baptized and confirmed by Zerah Pulsipher at age 26. WWJ 1:6
1834
January 2
Richland Branch organized.  Wilford ordained a teacher by Zerah Pulsipher. WWJ 1:6, 215
1834
April 1
Wilford is directed by Parley P. Pratt and Elder Harry Brown (father of future wife Sarah Brown) to join Zion’s Camp WWJ 1:7
1834
April 11
Wilford leaves for Kirtland, Ohio WWJ 1:7
1834
April 25
Wilford arrives in Kirtland, Ohio, where he meets the Prophet Joseph and stays at his house for the week. Age 27 WWJ 1:8
1834
May 1–June 30
Wilford travels with Zion’s Camp to the state of Missouri to help protect the persecuted Saints there WWJ 1:9-12
1834
July-Dec
Wilford works in Clay County, Missouri making brick to build the home of Michael Arthur. WWJ 1:14
1834
October
Messenger and Advocate published in Kirtland through Elder’s Journal August 1838
1834
November 5
Wilford ordained a priest by Simeon Carter at Adam-ondi-Ahman in Clay County, Missouri WWJ 1:14, 215
1834
November 13
Wilford is licensed by Edward Partridge as a representative of the Church in order to leave on a mission WWJ 1:15
1834
December 31
Wilford consecrates himself and all his earthly possessions to the Church WWJ 1:16
1835
January 13
Wilford leaves Missouri for his first mission in Arkansas, Kentucky and Tennessee.  Preached with Warren Parrish, Abraham O. Smoot, Harry Brown, and David W. Patten.  (Wilford age 27-29) WWJ 1:17 
1835
February 14
The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles organized in Kirtland, Ohio Doctrine & Covenants 107:23–24
1835
June 28
Wilford ordained an Elder by Warren Parrish at Eagle Creek, Tennessee.  WWJ 1:33, 215
1836
January 21
First washing and anointing ceremonies administered and vision of Celestial Kingdom received in Kirtland Temple. Doctrine & Covenants 137
1836
March 27
Temple in Kirtland, Ohio dedicated. Doctrine & Covenants 109
1836
April 3
Jesus Christ appears to accept the Kirtland Temple - Moses, Elias and Elijah appear and confer priesthood keys in the Kirtland Temple.  Doctrine & Covenants 110; WWJ 1:67
1836
April 19
Wilford called to be a member of the Second Quorum of the Seventy at age 29. WWJ 1:63
1836
April 22
Wilford stays in the home of Samuel Smith (father of future wife Emma Smoot Smith) WWJ 1:67
1836
May 31
Wilford ordained a Seventy in the Second Quorum of the Seventy, by David Patten and Warren Parrish WWJ 1:74
1836
November 25
Wilford returns to Kirtland from mission to Southern states and tours Kirtland Temple. WWJ 1:106
1837
Jan – Apr
Wilford attends School of the Prophets. WWJ 1:118-126
1837
January 3
Wilford called to the First Quorum of the Seventy. WWJ 1:118, 216
1837
January 28
Wilford introduced to Phoebe Whittemore Carter for the first time. WWJ 1:139
1837
March 4
Martin Van Buren inaugurated as 8th President of the 26 United States.
1837
March 23
Wilford spends first day in the Kirtland Temple. WWJ 1:126-127
1837
April 4-6
Wilford attends solemn assembly and receives washing and anointing ordinances in Kirtland Temple. WWJ 1:128-137
1837
April 13
Wilford married to Phoebe Whittemore Carter by Frederick G. Williams in Kirtland, Ohio. WWJ 1:140-45
1837
April 15
Wilford receives patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith, Sr. WWJ 1:142-43
1837
May 31-Dec’39
Wilford leaves for second mission to Canada and Maine with Jonathan Hale and Milton Holmes (age 30).  WWJ 1:149
1837
June 12
Wilford returns to Farmington, Connecticut and stays with his family. WWJ 1:258-270
1837
July 6-20
Wilford meets with relatives in Connecticut WWJ 1:159-165
1837
July 12
Wilford baptizes his Uncle Ozem, Aunt Hannah, and cousin John WWJ 1:163
1837
August 8
Wilford meets Phoebe’s family for the first time in Scarborough, Maine WWJ 1:167-169
1837
August 19
Wilford arrives in the Fox Islands, Maine.  WWJ 1:169
1837

Wilford reads first written explanation of the doctrine of “adoption” by baptism into the kingdom of God by Parley P. Pratt WWJ 1:249
1837
December 29
Wilford stays with Charles Brown (father of future wife Sarah Elinore Brown.) WWJ 1:193 and April 19, 1838 WWJ 1:241
1838
January 12
Joseph Smith moves Church to Far West, Missouri to escape persecution in Ohio. 
1838
July
Joseph Smith reveals the need for all living and dead to receive ordinances. (Elders’ Journal of the Church 1:43)
1838
July 1
Wilford baptizes father Aphek, step-mother Azubah, and step-sister Eunice in Farmington, Connecticut.   WWJ 1:264.
1838
July 8
Wilford called to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles by a revelation. Doctrine & Covenants 118
1838
July 14
Wilford present for birth of first child, Sarah Emma, in Scarborough, Maine. WWJ 1:271-272
1838
August 7
Wilford returns to the Fox Islands, Maine. WWJ 1:275
1838
August 9
Wilford receives news of his calling as an apostle and call to serve mission to England with other apostles. WWJ 1:276-277
1838
October 4
Woodruffs begin trek from Maine to Missouri with group of converts including Browns.  WWJ 1:294
1838
October 27
Governor Boggs issues “Extermination Order” (Wilford comments on it at WWJ 1:321).
1838
Nov 23–Dec 12
Phoebe ill with brain fever and has near-death experience; Wilford restores her to life.  WWJ 1:303-306
1838
December 11
Step-brother Asahel dies in Indiana at the age of 24 (last living of 5 step-brothers).  WWJ 1:307-311
1838
December - April 1839
Woodruffs winter in Rochester, Illinois with Brown and Luce families. WWJ 1:312-319; Charles Brown and 13-year-old daughter Rebecca die. WWJ 1:351
1839

Joseph Smith incarcerated in Liberty Jail December 1, 1838-April 16, 1839.  The Saints move to Commerce, Illinois and establish the city of Nauvoo.
1839
March 16  
Wilford, Phoebe and Sarah Emma finally arrive in Quincy, Illinois. WWJ 1:322
1839
April 26
At age 32 Wilford is ordained an apostle by Brigham Young at the temple site in Far West, Missouri.  WWJ 1:325-27
1839
May 4
Wilford records call to serve his third mission. WWJ 1:336
1839
May 18
Wilford moves his family to Montrose, Iowa where they live in abandoned army barracks with Brigham Young’s family. WWJ 1:332
1839
August 8
Wilford leaves on two year mission to England with John Taylor. WWJ 1:349
1839
November
Times and Seasons published in Nauvoo, Illinois through 1846.
1839
November 29
Joseph Smith travels to Washington, DC to deliver petition to President Van Buren for redress for Missouri injustice.
1840

Church membership 16,800; population of the 26 United States 17,100,000.
1840
January 11
Wilford arrives in Liverpool, England and serves until May 1841. Helps convert 1,800 people. WWJ 1:402-2:102
1840
February 10
Wilford celebrates Queen Victoria’s marriage to Prince Albert by preaching the gospel .WWJ 1:417
1840
March 5
Wilford arrives at John Benbow’s home in Herefordshire; over 600 people baptized in 35 days. WWJ 1:424-439
1840
March 22
Phoebe’s second child Wilford, Jr. born in Montrose, Iowa in Wilford’s absence. WWJ 1:426
1840
May
The Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star was first published in Manchester, England by Parley P. Pratt (Published until 1970.)
1840
July 17
Phoebe’s first child Sarah Emma dies at age 2 in Nauvoo, Illinois.  WWJ 1:537; the news reached Wilford October 22, 1840.  WWJ 1:541-542
1840
August 14
Joseph Smith’s first explanation of doctrine on baptism for the dead by living relatives HC 4:179, 231.
1840
August 15
First baptisms for the dead performed in the Mississippi River
1840
September
Joseph Smith announces the need to build a temple in Nauvoo
1841
January 19
Revelation to Joseph regarding building Nauvoo Temple to provide place for ordinances: baptism and endowment D &C 124:28-42.
1841
March 4
William Henry Harrison inaugurated as 9th President of the 26 United States
1841
April 6
John Tyler inaugurated as 10th President of the United States
1841
April 6
Cornerstones are laid for the Nauvoo Temple
1841
April 20
Wilford leaves England with other members of Quorum of the Twelve for America.  WWJ 2:92
1841
May 20
Wilford arrives in New York.  WWJ 2:102
1841
June 2
Reunited with Phoebe after two year separation and meets 15-month-old son Wilford, Jr.  WWJ 2:105
1841
July - Aug
Wilford spends time with Woodruff family and performs wedding of his sister Eunice to Dwight Webster August 4.  WWJ  2:114
1841
October 3
Joseph Smith directs Saints to cease vicarious baptisms in the Mississippi River and wait for the completion of the Nauvoo Temple font.
1841
October 6 
Woodruffs arrives in Nauvoo. WWJ 2:131
1841
October 19
Wilford moves into his own home for the first time in his life. WWJ 2:134
1841
October 30
Wilford appointed to Nauvoo City Council. WWJ 2:135
1841
November 8
Wooden font completed in the unfinished basement of Nauvoo Temple.
1841
November 21
Wilford witnesses first baptisms for the dead in the Nauvoo Temple HC 4:426, 454. WWJ 2:138-139
1841
December 27
Wilford sees Urim and Thummim. WWJ 2:144
1842
January
Wilford helps haul stone for the Nauvoo House and Temple. WWJ 2:149
1842
February 3
Wilford appointed manager of the Church’s official newspaper Times and Seasons. WWJ 2:153
1842
February 19
Wilford sets type for printing/publishing the Book of Abraham which Joseph translated from the Egyptian papyri. WWJ 2:155-156
1842
March 4
Phoebe’s third child Phoebe Amelia born in Nauvoo, Illinois. WWJ 2:157
1842
March 27
Nauvoo Reformation included rebaptisms; Wilford rebaptized for the first time. WWJ 2:165
1842
April
The Nauvoo WASP, a weekly newspaper is published until April 1843.
1842
April 21
Wilford baptized by proxy for mother Beulah Thompson and brothers Philo and Asahel; Phoebe baptized for her grandparents. WWJ 2:171, 177
1842
May 3
Joseph receives revelation regarding the meaning of the full endowment.
1842
May 4
Joseph administers the first endowment ordinances for the living in his office above the red brick store in Nauvoo. HC 5:1-3
1842
May 7
Wilford baptized by proxy for great-grandparents Josiah and Sarah Woodruff. WWJ 2:175
1842
May 15
Wilford baptized by proxy for more great-grandparents. WWJ 2:176
1842
May 29
Wilford and Phoebe baptized for six family members. WWJ 2:177
1842
Aug 11-Sept 19
Wilford is confined to his bed with illness for 40 days. WWJ 2:184-188
1842
September 6
Letter from Joseph to Saints on essential nature of vicarious temple work.  Doctrine & Covenants 128
1842
October 30
3,000 gather in the unfinished temple for the first official meeting (the walls were only 4 feet high). WWJ 2:191
1843
May
Wilford assists in publication of the Nauvoo Neighbor (published until Saints abandoned Nauvoo in 1846)
1843
May 16-17
Revelation explaining the necessity of eternal marriage for exaltation. Doctrine & Covenants 131
1843
July 7-Nov 4
Wilford serves fourth mission in eastern states (with Brigham Young) to raise funds for the temple.  WWJ 2:259-325
1843
July 12
Revelation regarding new and everlasting covenant of marriage for eternity. Doctrine & Covenants 132:15-20
1843
July 25
Phoebe’s fourth child Susa Cornelia born in Nauvoo, Illinois in Wilford’s absence. WWJ 2:264
1843
August 5
Wilford arrives in Philadelphia. WWJ 2:270
1843
November 4 
Wilford returns to Nauvoo from mission. (Age 36.) WWJ 2:325
1843
November 11
Wilford and Phoebe sealed for eternity by Hyrum Smith. WWJ 2:326-327
1843
December 2
Wilford receives his endowment. WWJ 2:329
1843
December 23
Phoebe receives her endowment. WWJ 2:332
1844
January 28
Wilford and Phoebe receive second anointings. WWJ 2:344
1844
March 26
Wilford attends meeting when Joseph Smith confers the keys of the priesthood on the Quorum of the Twelve WWJ 2:371
1844
April 7
Wilford records Joseph Smith’s discourse on important doctrines at the funeral of King Follett.  WWJ 2:378-388
1844
May 4
Wilford completes his brick home in Nauvoo (lives in it for less than 3 weeks total).  WWJ 2:393
1844
May 9-Aug 6
Wilford serves fifth mission in the eastern states to hold Church conferences and campaign for Joseph’s presidential nomination. WWJ 2:394
1844
May 18
The New York Prophet was published for one year then the name was changed to the New York Messenger and published until Dec 1845
1844
June 26
Wilford arrives in Boston. WWJ 2:413
1844
June 27
Joseph and Hyrum Smith martyred while in Carthage Jail. WWJ 2:413-414
1844
July 1
Wilford attends Jeffersonian Democracy Convention in Boston to nominate Joseph Smith for President. WWJ 2:415
1844
July 7
Work on the Nauvoo Temple resumes.
1844
July 9
Wilford learns of the martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum Smith through newspaper article in the “Boston Times.” WWJ 2:419-20, 423
1844
August 6
Wilford returns to Nauvoo with other members of the Quorum of the Twelve. WWJ 2:433-34
1844
August 8
Wilford attends conference where a majority of the Saints sustain the Quorum of the Twelve as governing body of the Church. WWJ 2:434-40
1844
August 12
Wilford accepts call to preside over the European Mission for one year. WWJ 2:441
1844
August 26
Wilford and Phoebe baptized in Mississippi River for deceased relatives. WWJ 2:455-456
1844
August 28
Wilford and Phoebe and their children leave Nauvoo for England – his sixth mission. WWJ 2:459
1844
December 6
Woodruffs board ship to sail from New York City to Liverpool. WWJ 2:488
1845
January 3
Woodruffs arrive in Liverpool. WWJ 2:498 - 3:8
1845
March 4
James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th President of the 27 United States.
1845
July 18
Phoebe’s fifth child Joseph born in Liverpool, England. WWJ 2:581
1845
October 5
Church Conference is held in the Nauvoo Temple; pulpits are complete and windows installed.
1845
December 10
First endowments for the living performed in the Nauvoo Temple. HC 7:543
1846
January 8
First priesthood adoptions performed in the Nauvoo Temple.
1846
January 11
First sealings of children to parents performed in the Nauvoo Temple.
1846
January 16
Phoebe and 40 other Saints (including future wife Mary Ann Jackson) leave England for New Orleans. WWJ 3:5
1846
January 22
Wilford leaves England for New York; experiences terrible Atlantic storm. WWJ 3:8-25
1846
February 4
First Saints leave Nauvoo for Iowa.
1846

Population of Nauvoo 14,000-15,000; population of Illinois 500,000-600,000.
1846
February 7
Final day of temple work in Nauvoo when 600 people received ordinances 5,615 people received their endowments in the Nauvoo Temple between December 10 and February 7.
1846
Feb – March
Main exodus of Saints from Nauvoo. Brigham Young’s family leaves February 15.  Temperature -12° F on February 24.
1846
March 17
Wilford retrieves daughter Phoebe Amelia from sister-in-law’s home where she stayed during his mission to England. WWJ 3:28
1846
March 20
Wilford returns to Farmington, Connecticut and his parents and cousin Betsey Cossett accompany him to Nauvoo. WWJ 3:33
1846
April 13
Wilford arrives in Nauvoo with daughter, cousin and parents to find Phoebe arrived a few days ahead of him.  WWJ 3:38
1846
April 15
Woodruffs tour Nauvoo Temple with others. WWJ 3:39
1846
April 30
Wilford dedicates Nauvoo Temple with Orson Hyde in private ceremony. WWJ 3:41
1846
May 1
Public dedication of Nauvoo Temple – attends with Aphek, Azubah, Phoebe, and Mary Ann Jackson. WWJ 3:42-47
1846
May 13
United States Congress declares war on Mexico.
1846
May 22
Woodruffs leave Nauvoo to join Saints in Iowa (Dwight, Eunice and Azubah stay in Nauvoo; join Strangites).  WWJ 3:49
1846
June 26
Wilford at Mt. Pisgah when Captain Allen arrives with message that President Polk wants to recruit Mormon Battalion. WWJ 3:54-56
1846
July 9
Woodruffs reach Council Bluffs. WWJ 3:58
1846
July 16-17
Mormon Battalion recruited by U.S. Army. WWJ 3:59-61
1846
July 25
Woodruffs cross Missouri River to Cutler’s Park (west of future Winter Quarters), Nebraska. WWJ 3:63
1846
August 2
Wilford sealed to Mary Ann Jackson, Sarah Elinore Brown, and Mary Caroline Barton.  WWJ 3:64-65
1846
August 8
Wilford is rebaptized for the second time and rebaptizes Phoebe, Sarah E. Brown, Mary C. Barton, Mary Ann J. and Rosetta King. WWJ 3:66
1846
August 29
Wilford expels Sarah E. Brown and Mary C. Barton from family (Sarah goes to live with Bakers and Mary sent back to her parents). WWJ 3:71
1846
August
Wilford moves his family to Winter Quarters and begins building a cabin to house them for the winter.
1846
October 15
Wilford severely injured by falling tree: breaks breastbone and three ribs, bruises hip and let, has internal injuries. WWJ 3:93-94
1846
November 12
Phoebe’s fifth child Joseph dies at age 16 months in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. WWJ 3:95
1846
December 8-10
Phoebe’s sixth child Ezra born in Winter Quarters, Nebraska and dies 2 days later. WWJ 3:97
1846
December 3
483 Saints are camping at Winter Quarters; 334 are sick, 53 are wives of members of the Mormon Battalion, 75 are widows. WWJ 3:103
1847
January 19
Wilford organizes “adopted” family (40 heads of households) under covenant to abide by family rules. WWJ 3:119
1847
April 14
Wilford leaves Winter Quarters for the Salt Lake Valley with the first company of pioneers. WWJ 3:146
1847
May 25
James Jackson Woodruff born (only child of Mary Ann Jackson and Wilford).
1847

Church membership is 34,694.
1847
June 14
Mary Ann Jackson and her 19-day-old son James Jackson Woodruff start journey to Salt Lake with Wilford’s father Aphek.
1847
July 22
Wilford and advance company arrives in Salt Lake Valley and sets up camp.  WWJ 3:234
1847
July 24
Arrives in Salt Lake Valley with Brigham Young (still Mexican territory at the time) and plants potatoes. WWJ 3:233-234
1847
July 26
Wilford first to climb Ensign Peak. WWJ 3:236
1847
July 26
Location for Salt Lake Temple Block designated (originally 40 acres). WWJ 3:236, 239
1847
July 31
First bowery built on Temple Block by Mormon Battalion. WWJ 3:244-245
1847
August 6
Wilford, Brigham Young and other Apostles are rebaptized (Wilford’s third rebaptism).  WWJ 3:248-249
1847
August 26
After planting crops and building cabins, Wilford leaves Salt Lake Valley with company to return to Winter Quarters. WWJ 3:263
1847
September 3-5
Wilford’s group meets pioneer companies heading toward Salt Lake including his father and second wife; blesses and names his son James. WWJ 3:264-267
1847
October 28
Phoebe’s seventh child Shuah Carter born in Council Bluffs, Iowa in Wilford’s absence. WWJ 3:287-288
1847
October 31
Wilford arrives in Council Bluffs/Kanesville, Iowa. WWJ 3:288
1847
December 5
First Presidency reorganized with Brigham Young as President of the Church. WWJ 3:294-295
1847
December
Log Tabernacle built in Council Bluffs. WWJ 3:299
1847
December 24
Apostles decide to reorganize the First Presidency. WWJ 3:300
1847
December 27
Brigham Young sustained as President of the Church by the Saints. WWJ 3:300-301
1848
February 2
Treaty signed ending Mexican-American War. Mexico cedes territory which includes present day California, Nevada, New Mexico, Wyoming, parts of Arizona and Colorado to United States.
1848
March 18
Wilford baptizes 8-year-old son Wilford, Jr. WWJ 3:333
1848
June 21
Wilford leaves with family on seventh mission to preside over Church in Eastern U.S. and Canada. WWJ 3:353
1848
July 22
Phoebe’s seventh child Shuah Carter dies in Illinois at age 9 months. WWJ 3:359
1848
August 12
Woodruffs arrive in Boston. WWJ 3:361-544
1848
May 11
Mary Ann Jackson divorces Wilford (sealing cancelled in 1853; later resealed).
1849
March 5
Zachary Taylor inaugurated as 12th President of the 30 United States.
1849
March 8
Constitutional convention held to form the State of Deseret that would include a vast area (all of Utah, Nevada, Arizona and parts of California, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Oregon and Idaho.)  Congress rejected petition because the area was too large and the population too small.
1849
March 22
Wilford baptizes father-in-law Ezra Carter. WWJ 3:433-434
1849
Spring
Second bowery built on Temple Block in Salt Lake City.
1850

Church membership 61,000; population of Utah Territory 11,380; population of United States 23,192,000.
1850
April 9
Woodruffs leave Boston with a group of 209 converts to join the Saints in Utah. WWJ 3:544
1850
May 16
Woodruffs return to Council Bluffs. WWJ 3:552
1850
June 15
Woodruffs leave for Salt Lake Valley from Kanesville, Iowa. WWJ 3:557
1850
July 10
Millard Fillmore inaugurated as 13th President of the 30 United States.
1850
September 9
Under the Compromise of 1850, Congress admitted California as the 31st state, created the New Mexico Territory and the Utah Territory (consisting of present-day Utah, most of Nevada and portions of Colorado and Wyoming) and Millard Fillmore appointed Brigham Young as Governor.
1850
October 14
Woodruffs arrive in Salt Lake Valley and live in cabins Wilford built in 1847. WWJ 3:577
1850

Wilford moves cabins from Old Fort and constructs the “Valley House” on South Temple and West Temple
1850
December 5
Wilford appointed to the Council (Legislature) of the State of Deseret (serves a total of 21 terms). WWJ 3:582
1851-54

Marriage sealings and endowments administered in the Utah Territorial Council House in Salt Lake City.
1851
January 6
Wilford begins serving as member of Utah Territorial Legislature. WWJ 4:4
1851
March 20
Wilford’s step-mother Azubah Hart dies in Burlington, Vermont. WWJ 4:64
1851
Spring
Plans announced for construction of adobe Tabernacle on Temple Block.
1851
July 19
Phoebe’s eighth child Beulah Augusta born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 4:48
1851
August 2
Groundbreaking for Adobe Tabernacle on Temple Square.
1852
Jan 5 – Mar 6
Wilford serves second term as member of Territorial Legislature. WWJ 4:89-102
1852
March 28
Wilford sealed to second plural wife Mary Meek Giles Webster by Brigham Young in his house.  WWJ 4:103
1852

First Thursday of the month designated for fasting and prayer (later changed by Wilford to first Sunday of the month).
1852
April 6
General Conference held in new adobe Tabernacle on Temple Block dedicated by Willard Richards. WWJ 4:104-105
1852
April 7
Brigham Young sustained as Governor of the State of Deseret. WWJ 4:112
1852
July 25
Wilford rebaptizes plural wife Mary Webster and baptizes 8-year-old daughter Susan. WWJ 4:141
1852
August 8
Revelation on Patriarchal Marriage first made public by Brigham Young. WWJ 4:142
1852
October 3
Wilford’s second plural wife Mary Meek Giles Webster dies. WWJ 4:149
1852
December 21
Wilford appointed clerk and historian of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles at age 45. WWJ 4:161-162
1852
Jan 2-14
Wilford serves third term as member of Legislature. WWJ 4:179
1853
January 25
Phoebe’s ninth child Aphek born in Salt Lake City, Utah and only lives 2 hours. WWJ 4:183
1853
February 14
Wilford attends groundbreaking ceremony and dedication of Salt Lake Temple site. WWJ 4:195-199
1853
Feb 21
Wilford assigned to supervise construction of temple foundation, started digging foundation February 23-26, 28. WWJ 4:207-210
1853
March 4
Franklin Pierce inaugurated as 14th President of 31 United States.
1853
March 13
Wilford sealed to Emma [Smoot] Smith and Sarah Brown in Council House; resealed to Phoebe (since 1843 sealing not properly recorded). WWJ 4:211
1853
March-April
Wilford asked to help dig and supervise the digging of the foundation of the Salt Lake Temple. WWJ 4:210-213
1853
April 6
Cornerstones of Salt Lake Temple laid. WWJ 4:213-214
1853
June 15
Eunice, Wilford’s only sister, dies in Burlington, Vermont. WWJ 4:219
1854
Jan 4-20
Wilford serves fourth term in Legislature. WWJ 4:240-241
1854
April 4
Sarah Brown’s first child David Patten Woodruff is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 4:258
1854
Summer
Third Bowery built on Temple Square, north of Adobe Tabernacle.
1854
December 11
Wilford serves in Legislature December 11-January 19, 1855. WWJ 4:294-301
1855
February 3
Wilford elected president of the Universal Scientific Society. WWJ 4:302
1855
May 5
Wilford attends dedication of Endowment House in Salt Lake City.  WWJ 4:316
1855
May 5
First endowments for the living administered in the Endowment House. WWJ 4:316
1855-57

Reformation in Church
1855
May 9-27
Wilford toured southern Utah settlements with Brigham and apostles. WWJ 4:318-327
1855
September 13
Wilford helps establish the Deseret Horticultural Society. WWJ 4:336
1855
Dec 10-Jan 18
Wilford serves fifth term in Legislature. WWJ 4:361-395
1856
March 17
Second Constitutional Convention held and petition for State of Deseret delivered to Washington, D.C.
1856
March 17
Wilford rebaptizes all family members over the age of 8 (three wives, three children and Lamanite boy Moroni). WWJ 4:407
1856
April 7
Wilford appointed Assistant Church Historian (serves for 27 years from 1856-1883). WWJ 4:409
1856
April 28
Wilford poisoned while skinning livestock; life saved through priesthood blessings. WWJ 4:414-419
1856
September
Church-wide reformation begins and includes rebaptizing, restructuring and recommitment to principles and covenants.
1856
October 2
Wilford helps dedicate Endowment House baptismal font. WWJ 4:458-462
1856
October 6
First baptisms performed in the baptismal font – Quorum of the 12 rebaptized (fourth rebaptism for Wilford).  WWJ 4:461-2
1856
Dec 28-Jan 16
Wilford serves sixth term in Legislature to January 16, 1857. WWJ 4:518-5:9
1856
December 30
Members of Legislature rebaptized (Wilford for the fifth time). WWJ 4:524
1856-61

Wilford serves on Board of Directors of Deseret Agriculture and Manufacturing Society.
1857
January 18
Sarah’s second child Brigham Young Woodruff is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 5:9-10
1857
March 4
James Buchanan inaugurated as 15th President of the 31 United States.
1857

Church membership is 55,236. 
1857
July 13
President Buchanan removes Brigham Young as Governor and sends army to escort new Governor Alfred Cumming.
1857
July 24
Saints receive news that 2,500 U.S. Army troops are coming to Utah. WWJ 5:69
1857
July 31
Wilford sealed to Sarah Delight Stocking (“Delight”) by Brigham Young. WWJ 5:70
1857
September 7
Attack on wagon train of emigrants at Mountain Meadows.
1857
September 29
John D. Lee gives false report of Mountain Meadows massacre to Brigham Young and Wilford Woodruff.  WWJ 5:102-103
1857
October 1
U.S. Army winters at Camp Scott, Wyoming, 100 miles from Salt Lake City. WWJ 5:104
1857
October 4
Emma’s first child Hyrum Smith Woodruff is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 5:105
1857
October 16
Letter from Colonel Alexander of U.S. Army threatening Saints with extermination if they oppose the Army.  WWJ 5:108
1857
November 21
Alfred Cumming sends proclamation charging Brigham Young and other leaders with treason; declaring Utah citizens in rebellion against United States.
1857
December 13
Wilford serves seventh term in Legislature. WWJ 5:134-143
1858
February 3
President Buchanan recommends “strong force” and asks for four more regiments to help quell “rebellion.” WWJ 5:162
1858
Spring
Third Bowery on Temple Block in Salt Lake City dismantled before arrival of Johnston’s Army.
1858
April 8
Wilford moves his family to Provo as Saints (approx. 30,000) prepare to abandon and burn Salt Lake City ahead of army.  WWJ 5:178
1858
April
Cumming enters Salt Lake City without army escort under terms negotiated by Thomas Kane; received by Brigham and installed as Governor.
1858
June
U.S. Army enters abandoned Salt Lake Valley under terms of peace brokered by Thomas Kane. WWJ 5:210-211
1858
July-Aug
Saints begin returning to their homes in Salt Lake. WWJ 5:202
1858
November 24
Emma’s first child Hyrum Smith Woodruff  dies at age 13 months. WWJ 5:244
1858
Dec 13–31
Wilford serves eighth term in Legislature. WWJ 5:254-263
1859
January 30
Wilford performs marriage of daughter Susan to Robert Scholes (first child to marry). WWJ 5:280
1859
April 4
Wilford’s daughter Phoebe A. sealed to Lorenzo Snow as his eighth wife. WWJ 5:323
1859
May 30
Sarah’s third child Phoebe Arabella is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 5:341
1859
October 16-29
Wilford is dying and gives his family final instructions on funeral and disposition of belongings; blessed to live by Brigham. WWJ 5:390-393
1860

Church membership 61,000; population of Utah Territory 40,273, population of 37 United States 31,443,000.
1860
May 21
First grandchild born, Robert and Susan’s daughter; four generations in his home: Aphek, Wilford, Susan and Eugenia. WWJ 5:459
1860
July 4
Emma’s second child Emma Manelia is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 5:471
1861
February 4
Seven southern states secede from the Union. WWJ 5:550
1861
March 4
Abraham Lincoln inaugurated as 16th President of the 30 United States (The Confederacy included 15 states and territories by 1862.)
1861
April 21
News arrives of firing on Fort Sumpter and the beginning of the Civil War. WWJ 5:566
1861
May 28
Wilford’s father Aphek Woodruff dies. WWJ 5:579
1861
June 1
Delight’s first child Marion is born in Salt Lake City, Utah.  WWJ 5:580 Receives news of father’s death. WWJ5:581
1861
December
Governor John Dawson arrives on the 7th and departs on the 31st – vetoes third Constitutional Convention.  WWJ 5:604-615
1862
January 14
Sarah’s fourth child Sylvia Melvina is born in Salt Lake City, Utah.  WWJ 6:7
1862
January 20
Helps draft the constitution for the State of Deseret in 4th attempt for the State of Deseret (in anticipation of the dissolution of the Union by Civil War).  Brigham Young elected first governor of State of Deseret.  5,000 Saints move to Utah in 1862. WWJ 6:8-13
1862
June 9
Congress rejects 4th petition for formation of State of Deseret; Brigham Young still serves as governor and legislature of the State of Deseret meets simultaneously with the Territorial Legislature from 1862-1870.  WWJ 6:52-53
1862
June 10
Salt Lake Temple foundation razed and top stones removed. WWJ 6:53
1862
July 6
Wilford baptizes son David Patten Woodruff. WWJ 6:65
1862
July 8
Morrill Anti-Bigamy Law signed by Abraham Lincoln.
1862
 July 6
Wilford moves plural wife Delight to Fort Herriman. WWJ 6:66
1862
July 22
Wilford President of Deseret Agriculture and Manufacturing Society for 15 years. WWJ 6:67
1862
August 23
Wilford records Brigham Young’s plans for a 15,000-seat tabernacle on Temple Square. WWJ 6:71
1863
January 1
Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln. WWJ 6:89
1863
February 3
Emma’s third child Asahel Hart is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 6:95
1863
April 6
Plans announced for construction of Great Tabernacle on Temple Block.
1863
April 7
Wilford, Jr., called to serve a mission in England. WWJ 6:108
1863
May 29
James Jackson Woodruff returns to live with Wilford. WWJ 6:113
1863
July 25
Delight’s second child Emeline is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 6:122
1863
November 3
Sarah’s fifth child Newton is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 6:135
1865
March 4
Abraham Lincoln’s second inauguration. WWJ 6:215
1865
April 9
Civil War ends. WWJ 6:220
1865
April 14
Abraham Lincoln assassinated. WWJ 6:220
1865
April 15
Andrew Johnson inaugurated as 17th President of 36 United States.
1865
December 23
Delight’s third child Ensign is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 6:266
1866
December 26
Brigham Young reintroduces second anointings. WWJ 6:307-309
1867
February 12
Emma receives her second anointing. WWJ 6:326
1867
February 14
Delight receives her second anointing. WWJ 6:326
1867
April 10
Emma’s fourth child Ann Thompson is born in Salt Lake City, Utah and dies the next day. WWJ 6:335-336
1867
October 6
First meeting held in Great Tabernacle on Temple Block. WWJ 6:367
1867
October 26
Sarah’s sixth child Mary is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 6:375
1867
December 2
Wilford participates in reestablishment of the School of the Prophets. WWJ 6:378.
1868
July 23
Emma’s fifth child Clara Martisha is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 6:416
1868
August 29
Delight’s fourth child Jeremiah is born in Fort Herriman, Utah.
1869
March 4
Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated as 18th President of 37 United States.
1869
May 10
Transcontinental Railroad completed effectively ending isolation of Utah. WWJ 6:472
1869
December 16
Delight’s fourth child Jeremiah dies at age 15 ½ months in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 6:510
1870

Church membership 90,130; population of Utah Territory 86,336; population of 38 United States 39,820,000.
1870
February
Women in Utah given the right to vote; the Liberal (non- or anti-Mormon) Party formed opposing the People’s (Mormon) Party.
1870
November 21
Wilford comforts Emma through miscarriage. WWJ 6:582
1870
December 5
Sarah’s seventh child Charles Henry is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 6:582
1871
January 31
Brigham Young proposes idea of building a temple in St. George.
1871
February 2
Sarah’s seventh child Charles Henry dies at age 2 months in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 7:7
1871
April 17
Delight’s fifth child Rosanna is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 7:14
1871
April 18
Wilford moves oldest son Wilford, Jr. and daughter-in-law along with his wife Sarah Brown and their children to Randolph, Utah. WWJ 7:15
1871
May 10
After plowing, planting, building fences, and digging irrigation ditches for his Randolph farm, Wilford returns to Salt Lake. WWJ 7:15-17
1871
October 6
Priesthood votes to build temple in St. George. WWJ 7:33
1871
November 9
Groundbreaking ceremony for St. George Temple.
1872
February 18
Fifth Constitutional Convention held to petition for statehood. WWJ 7:60 (Rejected by Congress April 2)
1872
September 9-27
Wilford travels to California to attend California State Fair. WWJ 7:81-89
1872
October 22
Delight’s fifth child Rosanna dies at age 18 months in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 7:92
1872
November 23
Emma’s sixth child Abraham Owen is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 7:95
1873
February 2
Sarah’s eighth child Edward Randolph is born in Randolph, Utah. WWJ 7:121
1873
February
Sarah’s eighth child Edward Randolph dies in Randolph, Utah. WWJ 7:122
1873
August 14
Delight’s sixth child John Jay is born in Salt Lake City, Utah.
1874
June 23
Poland Act passed by Congress becomes the legal basis for the prosecution of polygamists in the 1870s and 1880s; puts jurisdiction of civil and criminal cases under authority of federally appointed judges and changes powers of the marshal, prosecutor, and courts of Utah Territory.
1875
April 10
Seniority of Quorum of Twelve adjusted according to ordination date placing John Taylor ahead of Wilford Woodruff, and both men ahead of Orson Pratt and Orson Hyde. WWJ 7:224
1875
July 17
Wilford rebaptized (for the sixth time) along with other members of the Quorum of Twelve. WWJ 7:234
1874
August 11
Baptismal font in the St. George Temple dedicated and used for the first time to rebaptize Saints entering the United Order in St. George.
1875
October 3
President Ulysses S. Grant visits Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:247-248
1875
October 9
Great Tabernacle on Temple Block dedicated by President John Taylor. WWJ 7:250
1876
January 3
Wilford moves Delight into her new house. WWJ:7:261
1876
April 9
Emma’s seventh child Winnifred Blanche is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 7:271
1876
November 1
Wilford moves to St. George to assist in readying temple for dedication. WWJ 7:289
1876
November 7
National elections. WWJ 7:290
1876
November 13
Wilford, L. John Nuttall and John D.T. McAllister begin writing down the temple ceremony. WWJ 7:292
1877

Church membership 115,065
1877
January 1
Wilford, Brigham Young Jr., and Erastus Snow dedicate portions of St. George Temple. WWJ 7:303-315
1877
January 9
First baptism for the dead performed in St. George Temple font. WWJ 7:321
1877
January 11
First proxy endowments performed in this dispensation .
1877
January 11
First proxy sealings and sealings and endowments for the living in St. George Temple. WWJ 7:321
1877
January 14
Brigham Young asked Wilford and others to write out the temple ceremonies. WWJ 7:322-340
1877
January 16
Wilford administers Second Anointing to the first couple in the St. George Temple. WWJ 7:322
1877
February 7
Wilford administers Second Anointing by proxy for the first time in the St. George Temple. WWJ 7:326
1877
February 23
Wilford receives revelation authorizing the performance of proxy ordinances for his family by non-relatives. WWJ 7:329
1877
March 1
In celebration of Wilford’s 70th birthday, 154 women help him complete temple work for his family. WWJ 7:329-336
1877
March 3
Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th President of the 38 United States.
1877
March 10
Wilford sealed to Eudora Lovina Young by her father Brigham Young. WWJ 7:338
1877
March 21
Finished writing the endowment ceremony. WWJ 7:340
1877
March 22
Wilford performed first adoptions (two couples to Brigham Young) in St. George Temple. WWJ 7:340-341
1877
March 27
Phoebe, Wilford, Jr., Beulah and Phoebe Amelia arrived in St. George to participate in proxy temple work. WWJ 7:341-345
1877
March 30
First time Wilford ever acted as proxy in endowment: for “Prophet” Robert Mason. WWJ 7:342
1877
April 1
General Conference held in completed temple, dedication of entire temple. WWJ 7:343
1877
April 8
At the age of 70, called to preside over the St. George Temple (served until June 26, 1884). WWJ 7:344
1877
April 11
First time anyone ever adopted to Wilford: two couples, Josiah Hardy and B. Hardy and their wives. WWJ 7:344
1877
April 14
Wilford’s family leaves St. George to return to Salt Lake City. WWJ 7:345
1877
April 16
Resigned as President of the Deseret Agricultural and Manufacturing Society after serving for 15 years. WWJ 7:346
1877
April 25
Site for Manti Temple dedicated by Brigham Young. WWJ 7:347
1877
May 18
Site for Logan Temple dedicated. WWJ 7:350
1877
June 16
Son Brigham Woodruff drowns in Bear River at age 20 while Wilford is in St. George. WWJ 7:354-355
1877
July 26
Church-wide Priesthood Reorganization included rebaptism. WWJ 7:362
1877
August 19-21
Wilford’s vision of the Founding Fathers, baptisms completed for Eminent Men and Women. WWJ 7:367-68, 389
1877
August 22-24
Majority of endowments completed for Eminent Men and Women; some sealings also completed. WWJ 7:369
1877
August 29
Death of Brigham Young. WWJ 7:370
1877
September 1
Accompanies Brigham’ s wife, Lucy Bigelow Young, and daughter to Salt Lake City for funeral. WWJ 7:370-71
1877
September 2
Funeral service for Brigham Young held in Tabernacle .WWJ 7:371
1877
September 2
Dedicates Brigham Young’s grave. WWJ 7:372
1877
September 4
Apostles met and agreed that John Taylor would be President of the Quorum of Twelve. WWJ 7:372
1877
September 16
Wilford publicly shares his vision of Founding Fathers. WWJ 7:373
1877
September 17
Participates in the cornerstone laying ceremony for the Logan Temple. WWJ 7:374
1877
October 6
Solemn Assembly to sustain Quorum of 12 with John Taylor as president of Quorum. WWJ 7:377
1877
November 29
Endowments resumed in Salt Lake Endowment House after one year but only for those to ill or elderly to travel to St. George. WWJ 7:384
1877
December 31
First year of Wilford’s temple work in St. George Jan 9-Sept 20: 24,384 baptisms, 11,597 endowments, 3,706 couples sealed, 268 children sealed to parents, 53 adoptions, 309 second anointings.
1878
Jan 12-Mar 20
Spends two months working in St. George Temple. WWJ 7:395-405
1878
1878
April 1
June 28
Eudora's only child with Wilford is born and dies within a few hours. WWJ 7:407
Delight’s seventh child Julia Delight Stocking is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 7:425
1878
December 2
Asks Mary Ann Jackson to be resealed to him. WWJ 7:441
1879
January 1
Moves from Valley House into brick house; the Valley House is then used as a hotel.
1879
January 6
George Reynolds’ First Amendment challenge, under the freedom of religion clause, to the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Law of 1862 is denied on appeal to the Supreme Court which meant any plural marriages solemnized after that date were punishable as a criminal offense. (Court stated that although laws cannot interfere with religious belief or opinion, they may interfere with religious practices.)
1879
February 7
Wilford goes into hiding to avoid arrest for practicing polygamy. WWJ 7:454
1879
Mar 6-Apr 2 1880
Wilford spends a year in Arizona “on the underground” serving a mission among the Indians. WWJ 7:342-567.
1879
June 2
Emma’s eighth child – Wilford’s 33rd and last child – Mary Alice is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. WWJ 7:489
1880

Church membership 135,000; population of Utah Territory 143,963 (120,283 Mormons, 14,136 Gentiles, and 6,988 apostates); population of 38 United States 50,190,000.
1880
January 26
Wilford receives Wilderness Revelation regarding God’s defense of the Patriarchal Law of marriage. WWJ 7:546
1880
April 2
Wilford returns to Salt Lake City from exile in Arizona. WWJ 7:567
1880
October 10
First Presidency reorganized with John Taylor as President; at age 73 Wilford sustained as President of the Quorum of the Twelve. WWJ 7:595-6
1880
October 10
Pearl of Great Price sustained as a standard work by the Church. WWJ 7:596
1881
January 16
At age 74 Wilford appointed General President of Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association. WWJ 8:5
1881
Feb 25-Mar 29
Wilford works in St. George Temple. WWJ 8:15-22
1881
March 4
James A. Garfield inaugurated as 20th President of the United States.
1881
March 5
Wilderness Revelation read in Temple and Apostles wash feet against enemies according to revealed instruction. WWJ 8:17
1881
May - 1889
Wilford serves as Church Historian until becoming President of the Church. WWJ 8:51
1881
September 20
Chester A. Arthur inaugurated as 21st President of the United States.
1881
Nov 8-Dec 3
Wilford works in St. George Temple. WWJ 8:64-70
1882
January 8
Assembly Hall on Temple Block dedicated by President Joseph F. Smith. WWJ 8:80
1882
March 14
Congress passes the Edmunds Bill, making plural marriage a felony (punishable by 5 years in prison and/or $500 fine), and cohabitation a misdemeanor (punishable by 6 months in prison and/or $300 fine) and prohibiting polygamists from voting, (in order to vote they had to swear on oath that they were not being immoral within “marriage relations”), holding public office, or performing jury duty.  WWJ 8:90  Note; 1,300 were jailed in the1880s on charges of “unlawful cohabitation” and/or polygamy as well as contempt of court for refusing to testify.
1882
March 24
The First Presidency counsels men to live with “only one wife under the same roof.  WWJ 8:92
1882
April 10-27
Sixth Constitutional Convention held for Utah; Congress rejects petition for statehood on February 23, 1883
1883
October 5
Wilford sustained in General Conference as Church historian and recorder.
1883
Dec 12-Jan1
Wilford works in St. George Temple. WWJ 8:211-221
1884
May 17
Wilford helps dedicate of Logan Temple. WWJ 8:249-252
1884
May 29-Jun 19
Wilford tours Idaho settlements with wife Sarah and Heber J. Grant.  WWJ 8:253-260
1885
Jan ’85-July ‘87
Wilford goes into hiding again to avoid arrest and lives in St. George January 20-November 5. WWJ 8:299-341
1885
March 4
Grover Cleveland inaugurated as 22nd President of the 38 United States. WWJ 8:307
1885
November 5
Wilford called back to Salt Lake City for a meeting of Quorum of Twelve. WWJ 8:342
1885
November 9
Wilford sees Phoebe for the last time and gives her a blessing. WWJ 8:342
1885
November 10
Phoebe Woodruff dies – Wilford watches her funeral from the window of the Church office to avoid being arrested. WWJ 8:342-343; 9:426
1887
January 13
Congress passes the Edmunds-Tucker Act. The act becomes law on March 3, 1887.  WWJ 8:421, 426
1887
April 24
Wilford sets apart John D.T. McAllister as president of St. George Temple with David H. Cannon and D. D. McArthur as counselors. WWJ 8:435
1887
June 30-July 7
Seventh Constitutional Convention held. Congress rejected sixth petition for Statehood even though new state constitution forbid polygamy. 
1887
July 25
John Taylor dies at the age of 80. WWJ 8:447
1887
July 25
Wilford, as President of Quorum of the Twelve, becomes the leader of the Church. WWJ 8:448
1887
July 29
Wilford watches John Taylor’s funeral procession from office. WWJ 8:449
1887
July 30
Frank H. Dyer appointed receiver for the government and US Attorney General confiscates Church property along with money in Perpetual Immigration Fund.
1887
October 9
Wilford meets with Saints in Salt Lake Tabernacle for first time in three years. WWJ 8:461
1888
March 20-26
Wilford proposed reorganization of first presidency fails due to discord regarding George Q. Cannon. WWJ 8:489-91
1888
May 17
Wilford dedicates the Manti Utah Temple in private services (age 81). WWJ 8:499-500
1888
May 21
Lorenzo Snow dedicate Manti Temple in public ceremony after Wilford returns to Salt Lake City. WWJ 8:500
1888
May 27
Upon the death of Erastus Snow, Wilford is the only living apostle who served in the days of Joseph Smith. WWJ 8:501
1888
June 14
Wilford directs the 32 stakes in the Church to establish Stake Academies to properly educate youth of the Church. WWJ 8:504
1888
July 9
Church’s attorneys obtained commitment from the U.S. Solicitor that the temples would be safe from confiscation. WWJ 8:508
1888
November 7
Benjamin Harrison elected president. WWJ 8:524
1888
December 20
Apostles refuse to sign document rejecting polygamy. WWJ 8:530.
1889
March 4
Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd President of the 38 United States.
1889
April 5
First Presidency reorganized with Wilford as President of the Church, George Q Cannon and Joseph F. Smith counselors. WWJ 9:15
1889
April 7
Solemn Assembly held in Tabernacle. WWJ 9:16
1889
Oct 21-Nov 16
Wilford travels with Emma and other Church leaders to Idaho, Oregon Fair, Washington, and Canada. WWJ 9:59-66
1889
November
Endowment House closed and demolished. WWJ 9:62-65
1889
November 24
Wilford receives revelation on politics and polygamy – will not trade statehood for religion. WWJ 9:67-69
1889
November 30
Judge Anderson denies immigrating Church members citizenship. WWJ 9:70
1889
December 23
Church-wide fast day on anniversary of Joseph Smith’s birth asking for deliverance from persecution. WWJ 9:70, 73
1890

Church membership 188,000; population of Utah Territory 210,779; population of 44 United States 62,948,000
1890
May 19
US Supreme Court sustains Edmunds-Tucker Bill and the right of Congress to dissolve Church and escheat property. WWJ 9:94
1890
June
Secretary of State James G. Blaine drafts document renouncing polygamy which Church leaders refuse to sign.
1890

Frank H. Dyer removed as receiver and replaced by Henry Lawrence, excommunicated member of the Church.
1890
August 3
Visits Saints throughout Utah, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona. WWJ 9:103
1890
September 24
Wilford meets with three apostles regarding decision on polygamy. WWJ 9:112
1890
September 25
Wilford issues Manifesto stating advice for Saints to “refrain from contracting any marriage forbidden by the laws of the land.”  WWJ 9:112-116
1890
October 6
Majority of members of the Church attending General Conference sustain the Manifesto. WWJ 9:117
1891
May 9
Wilford meets President William H. Harrison when he visits Salt Lake City. WWJ 9:147
1891
May 29
People’s Party (Mormon political party) is disbanded and Saints advised to join Democrats and Republicans.  WWJ 9:154
1891
October 19
Wilford testifies in court regarding practice of polygamy. WWJ 9:165-166
1891
October 25
Wilford’s testimony to Saints and defense of Manifesto. WWJ 9:168-170
1891
November 6
Wilford changes practice so that temple recommends are signed by Bishop and Stake leaders only, no longer need to be signed by President of the Churc.
1892
October 13
President Harrison asks for the prayers of the First Presidency on behalf of his very ill wife. WWJ 9:222
1893
January 5
Limited amnesty granted to former polygamists by President Harrison. WWJ 9:235
1893
March 4
Grover Cleveland inaugurated as the 24th President of the 44 United States.
1893
April 6
Wilford dedicates the Salt Lake Temple at age 86. WWJ 9:246
1893
August 29
Wilford attends Chicago World’s Fair. WWJ 9:259-264
1893
October 17
Wilford meets with temple presidents to harmonize the endowment ceremony in all the temples.  WWJ 9:267
1894
January 12
Money taken by government under Edmunds-Tucker Bill returned to the Church. WWJ 9:284
1894
March 19
Wilford has dream about Benjamin Franklin. WWJ 9:293
1894
April 6
Wilford receives revelation regarding sealing practices and the Law of Adoption. WWJ 9:296
1894
April 8
Wilford announces end to practice of “adoption” and begins sealings to family members only. WWJ 9:296-7
1894
April 18
Wilford present at first endowment ceremony in Salt Lake Temple. WWJ 9:298
1894
July 17
President Cleveland signed the Utah Enabling Act which gave Utah admission into the Union.  WWJ 9:311
1894
October 25
Wilford inaugurates week day religious education classes (led to seminary and institute programs). WWJ 9:323
1894
November 13
Wilford establishes the Genealogical Society of Utah. WWJ 9:326
1895
March 4-May 6
Eighth Constitutional Convention held and the new constitution ratified November 5 forever banning polygamy in Utah. WWJ 9:342-351
1895
Jun 25-Jul 27
Wilford travels to Oregon, Washington and Alaska. WWJ 9:357-363
1896  
January 4
Utah admitted to the Union as the 45th state by President Grover Cleveland. WWJ 9:385-386
1896
April 6
Wilford and Quorum of  Twelve issue Political Manifesto. WWJ 9:397
1896
Aug 13-Sept 9
Wilford travels to Oregon and California with L. John Nuttall. WWJ 9:417-424
1896
November 5
Wilford changes fast day from first Thursday to first Sunday of each month. WWJ 9:433
1897
March 1
Wilford attends the celebration of his 90th birthday in the Tabernacle. WWJ 9:449
1897
March 4
William McKinley inaugurated as 25th President of the 45 United States.
1897
March 12, 19
Wilford records his testimony (only known recording of his voice).
1897
April
The Church begins publishing the Conference Report; continues publication through 1965 when replaced by Conference issue of the Ensign.
1897
April 17
Since Salt Lake Temple dedicated in 1893: 142,679 proxy baptisms, 3,646 baptisms for health; 5,908 endowments for the living, 81,933 proxy endowments; 2,590 sealings for the living, 21,288 proxy sealings; 6,147 living children sealed to parents, 17,936 proxy sealings of children; 67 adoptions of living, 694 proxy adoptions; 1,017 second anointings of the living, 531 proxy second anointings.
1897
July 20-24
Wilford joins celebration 50th anniversary of arrival of first pioneer company in Salt Lake Valley. WWJ 9:492-94
1897
Sept 9-25
Wilford travels on vacation to Oregon and California. WWJ 9:507-11
1898
April 10
Wilford delivers Conference address on his 1877 vision. WWJ 9:544
1898
July 24
Wilford dedicates Pioneer Park in Salt Lake City (last public appearance before death). WWJ 9:556
1898
August 13
Wilford leaves Utah for vacation in California. WWJ 9:558
1898
September 2
Wilford dies from complications of medical procedure in San Francisco at age 91. WWJ 9:561
1898
September 8
Wilford’s funeral service is held in the Tabernacle in Salt Lake City and he is buried in the Salt Lake Cemetery.
1900

Church membership 283,000; population of State of Utah 276,749; population of 45 United States 76,212,000